Minnesota Cottage Foods

Jane Astramecki v. Minnesota Department of Agriculture
Challenging Minnesota’s Restrictions on Selling Home-Baked Goods
 . jane astramecki-9518

IJ Client Jane Astramecki

Minnesota Cottage Foods Baking Video

Watch Half-baked: Gov't Restricts Homemade Cookie Sales


Everyone loves a batch of fresh-baked cookies or a cake right out of the oven. Yet Minnesota had slammed the oven door on bakers trying to make a home-based business out of satisfying Minnesotans’ sweet tooth. In 2015, however, the Institute for Justice helped free home bakers and home canners from the state’s arbitrary restrictions on their right to earn an honest living.

Until recently, Minnesota only permitted home bakers and canners to sell their delicious goods at farmers’ markets and community events, and even then, they could only sell up to $5,000 annually—an average of only $96 per week. There was no legitimate health reason for these restrictions. The law only applied to foods the state itself labeled as “not potentially hazardous,” like cookies, cakes, and jams that required no refrigeration in order to be safe. In addition, it made no sense for the state to claim that a cookie could be perfectly safe when sold at a farmers’ market, but unsafe when sold somewhere else.

These arbitrary restrictions harmed entrepreneurs like Jane Astramecki and Mara Heck. Jane, a home baker and graduate of Le Cordon Bleu, sells her goods at farmers’ markets in Eagan and Farmington. She continually receives requests from market customers who would like her to bake for special family occasions or work events. But because of Minnesota’s cottage food restrictions, she had to tell them “No.”

Mara found herself in a similarly impossible position. A 31-year-old with a day job, she has a passion for baking that has earned her ribbons at the State Fair for five years running. She has dreamed about parlaying her passion into her own, fulltime business, but Minnesota’s cottage food restrictions had ensured that baking remained little more than a hobby for her.

So Jane and Mara fought back. In November 2013, they teamed up with the Institute for Justice to challenge Minnesota’s senseless cottage food restrictions as unconstitutional. In June 2014, the case suffered a minor setback when a state trial court dismissed the lawsuit.

Jane and Mara were vindicated, however, when the state court of appeals reinstated their lawsuit in May 2015. In reversing the lower court’s ruling, the court wrote that it was “particularly concerned with the lack of evidence in the record at this stage of the proceedings that shows how the venue and sales-cap restrictions are genuine or relevant to” the state’s public safety concerns.

A month later, the state legislature amended the arbitrary restrictions to largely free home bakers and canners like Jane and Mara to pursue their craft. The new law now allows home bakers and canners to sell directly to Minnesota customers, including from their homes and online. The law also raised the sales cap to $18,000, nearly quadrupling the amount home bakers and canners can sell annually. Those who sell more than $5,000 in a year will have to complete a few-hour “safe food handling training course” once every three years and pay a $50 registration fee. The new law went into effect on July 1, 2015.

This case is part of IJ’s National Food Freedom Initiative. You can view our Oregon Raw Milk case, our Florida Veggies case, our Texas Craft Beer case, and our Florida Skim Milk case.


Essential Background

Audio, Video and Images

Backgrounder: Baked Fresh, Baked Free Challenging Minnesota’s Restrictions on Selling Home-Baked Goods

Client Video

Client Photos

Latest Release: Case Closed: Minnesotans Win Right to Sell Homemade Goods; Agree to Dismiss Lawsuit (June 16, 2015)

Launch Release: Minnesota Slams the Oven Door on Home Bakers (November 19, 2013)

Legal Briefs and Decisions

Complaint (November 19, 2013)

Opinion (May 18, 2015)

Case Timeline

Filed Lawsuit: 


November 19, 2013

Court Filed:


Ramsey County: Second Judicial District



Lawsuit Dismissed

 Current Court: Minnesota Court of Appeals


  Next Key Date:


Additional Releases

Maps, Charts and Facts

Release: Let Them Bake Cake (May 18, 2015)

none available

Release: Minnesota Judge Dismisses Challenge to Cottage Food Law (June 11, 2014)


Op-eds, News Articles and Links

Article: California Legalized Selling Food Made At Home And Created Over A Thousand Local Businesses Forbes (January 29, 2014)

Article: Restrictions on sales of home-baked goods put the pinch on Minnesota entrepreneurs TwinCities.com (November 26, 2013)

Article: Minn. cottage food laws restrict small businesses, limit tasty treats FoxNews.com (November 20, 2013)

Article: Minn. Business Owner Files Lawsuit Challenging State's Home Baking Restrictions ABC5 Eyewitness News (November 19, 2013)
Video: Minn. cottage food laws restrict small businesses, limit tasty treats Care11 NBC News (November 19, 2013)
Article: Home bakers successfully turned up the heat at Minnesota Legislature Star Tribune (July5, 2015)

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