Child Care Home, Family

License required by 44 states

70th most burdensome licensing requirements.

25th most widely and onerously licensed occupation.

Family child care homes attend to children at the operator’s residence and perform a variety of tasks, such as dressing, feeding, bathing and overseeing play. This report looks at what is required to run a child care business out of one’s home only.

Forty-four states require a license for family child care homes. On average, these licenses require $79 in fees and 48 days of education and experience, making family child care home the 70th most burdensome occupation of the 102 studied. However, because most states license the occupation, it ranks as the 25th most widely and onerously licensed.

License requirements vary widely across states. North Carolina requires operators of child family care homes to dedicate about 401 days to education and experience (one year of child care experience, 36 hours of training and a four-credit-hour class). However, 21 states require fewer than 10 days of education or experience, and another nine require none at all. Similarly, fees range from $0 in Vermont to $300 in D.C.

States With Licenses

Burden Rank State States Licensed Fees Estimated Calendar Days Lost Education Experience Exams Minimum Grade Minimum Age
1 North Carolina 44 $105 401 4 credit hours 1 years and 36 clock hours 0 12 21
2 New York 44 $25 369 1 years and 26 clock hours 0 0 18
3 Nevada 44 $58 235 1000 clock hours and 11 clock hours 0 12 21
4 Wyoming 44 $89 203 16 credit hours 3 months 0 12 18
5 Massachusetts 44 $135 189 6 months and 32 clock hours 0 12 18
6 Mississippi 44 $160 170 24 credit hours 13 clock hours 0 12 21
7 Pennsylvania 44 $41 140 600 clock hours 0 12 18
8 Virginia 44 $39 92 3 months and 6 clock hours 0 12 18
9 Oklahoma 44 $53 84 12 credit hours 0 12 21
10 Washington 44 $42 70 10 credit hours 0 12 21
11 New Hampshire 44 $35 42 6 credit hours 0 0 18
12 Alaska 44 $115 28 120 clock hours 0 0 21
13 D C 44 $300 2 9 clock hours 0 12 18
14 Ohio 44 $296 1 7 clock hours 0 12 18
15 Georgia 44 $101 31 120 clock hours 16 clock hours 0 0 18
16 Colorado 44 $43 3 16 clock hours 1 0 18
17 Rhode Island 44 $140 4 24 clock hours 0 12 21
18 Texas 44 $76 7 1 clock hours 30 clock hours 0 12 21
19 Wisconsin 44 $68 21 3 credit hours 0 0 18
20 Michigan 44 $110 1 6 clock hours 0 12 18
21 Alabama 44 $49 4 24 clock hours 0 12 19
22 Kansas 44 $85 3 15 clock hours 0 12 18
23 Arkansas 44 $50 0 0 12 21
24 Maryland 44 $52 5 27 clock hours 0 12 18
25 Kentucky 44 $80 1 6 clock hours 0 12 18
26 Delaware 44 $65 2 12 clock hours 0 12 18
27 Illinois 44 $27 4 21 clock hours 0 12 18
28 Nebraska 44 $38 0 2 clock hours 0 12 19
29 Vermont 44 $0 0 2 clock hours 0 12 18
30 Florida 44 $70 8 35 clock hours 0 0 18
31 California 44 $164 0 0 0 18
32 Maine 44 $111 1 6 clock hours 0 0 18
33 Tennessee 44 $100 1 4 clock hours 0 0 18
34 Connecticut 44 $52 0 0 0 20
35 Utah 44 $83 0 2.5 clock hours 0 0 18
36 Oregon 44 $78 1 5 clock hours 0 0 18
37 Minnesota 44 $65 1 4 clock hours 0 0 18
38 Hawaii 44 $71 0 0 0 18
39 New Mexico 44 $59 0 0 0 18
40 Montana 44 $37 0 0 0 18
40 West Virginia 44 $37 0 0 0 18
42 North Dakota 44 $20 0 0 0 18
43 Missouri 44 $13 0 0 0 18
44 Indiana 44 $52 1 7.5 clock hours 0 12 0

JOIN THE FIGHT!   Sign up for newsletters:

JOIN THE FIGHT!