Sheet Metal Contractor, HVAC (Commercial)

License required by 37 states

5th most burdensome licensing requirements.

16th most widely and onerously licensed occupation.

HVAC sheet metal contractors contract with clients to install prefabricated sheet metal ducts used for heating, air conditioning or other purposes.

Typically, only contractors require licenses, not sheet metal workers who work for them. In some states, licensing requirements differ based on the setting. Those with a residential license may work only on residential properties, while those with a commercial license may work on commercial properties. Other states require the same license regardless of the setting, and this report records that license in both settings. Many states have contract minimums before the contractor’s license applies. See Appendix B for details.

Thirty-seven states license HVAC sheet metal contractors working on commercial properties. Twenty-eight states require between two and six years of experience working under a licensed contractor. Mississippi requires completion of three contracted jobs. Seven states require no education or experience. On average, states require over three years (1,215 days) of education and experience, $394 in fees ($1,078 in Nevada), and about two exams. These high barriers give commercial HVAC sheet metal contractors the fifth most burdensome requirements of the 102 occupations studied.

States With Licenses

Burden Rank State States Licensed Fees Estimated Calendar Days Lost Education Experience Exams Minimum Grade Minimum Age
1 Iowa 37 $890 2190 6 years 2 12 18
2 Idaho 37 $395 2190 6 years 2 0 18
3 Connecticut 37 $465 2190 6 years 3 0 0
4 Maryland 37 $165 2190 6 years 2 0 0
5 Massachusetts 37 $370 1825 5 years 1 12 17
6 Delaware 37 $109 2190 6 years 1 0 0
7 Virginia 37 $720 1826 8 clock hours 5 years 2 0 18
8 Rhode Island 37 $558 1825 5 years 2 0 18
9 Arkansas 37 $380 1825 5 years 2 0 18
10 New Jersey 37 $331 1825 5 years 2 0 18
11 Georgia 37 $297 1829 24 clock hours 5 years 1 0 18
12 Ohio 37 $140 1825 5 years 1 0 18
13 D C 37 $45 1825 5 years 1 0 0
14 Nevada 37 $1,078 1460 4 years 2 0 18
15 New Mexico 37 $531 1460 4 years 4 0 18
16 California 37 $579 1460 4 years 3 0 18
17 Kentucky 37 $506 1460 4 years 3 0 18
18 Hawaii 37 $615 1460 4 years 2 0 18
18 Oklahoma 37 $615 1460 4 years 2 0 18
20 Florida 37 $364 1460 4 years 2 0 18
21 Oregon 37 $385 1463 16 clock hours 4 years 1 0 18
22 Texas 37 $209 1460 4 years 1 0 18
23 Alaska 37 $450 1460 4 years 1 0 0
24 Michigan 37 $400 1095 3 years 1 0 0
25 Arizona 37 $686 730 2 years 2 0 18
26 Utah 37 $354 733 20 clock hours 2 years 2 0 0
27 South Carolina 37 $310 730 2 years 2 0 0
28 North Carolina 37 $260 730 2 years 2 0 0
29 Alabama 37 $315 700 3000 clock hours 1 0 0
30 Mississippi 37 $640 67 3 jobs, contractors 2 0 0
31 Louisiana 37 $460 0 2 0 0
32 Tennessee 37 $360 0 2 0 0
33 West Virginia 37 $174 0 2 0 0
34 North Dakota 37 $125 0 0 0 18
35 Wisconsin 37 $175 0 0 0 0
36 Washington 37 $113 0 0 0 0
37 Nebraska 37 $0 0 0 0 0

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