Sheet Metal Contractor, HVAC (Residential)

License required by 36 states

9th most burdensome licensing requirements.

21st most widely and onerously licensed occupation.

HVAC sheet metal contractors contract with clients to install prefabricated sheet metal ducts used for heating, air conditioning or other purposes.

Typically, only contractors require licenses, not sheet metal workers who work for them. In some states, licensing requirements differ based on the setting. Those with a residential license may work only on residential properties, while those with a commercial license may work on commercial properties. Other states require the same license regardless of the setting, and this report records that license in both settings. Many states have contract minimums before the contractor’s license applies. See Appendix B for details.

Thirty-six states license HVAC sheet metal contractors working on residential properties. On average, states require close to three years (1,026 days) of education and experience, $384 in fees, and about two exams. All in all, 31 require at least one exam (New Mexico requires four). These requirements rank as the ninth most burdensome.

States With Licenses

Burden Rank State States Licensed Fees Estimated Calendar Days Lost Education Experience Exams Minimum Grade Minimum Age
1 Iowa 36 $890 2190 6 years 2 12 18
2 Idaho 36 $395 2190 6 years 2 0 18
3 Maryland 36 $165 2190 6 years 2 0 0
4 Delaware 36 $109 2190 6 years 1 0 0
5 Rhode Island 36 $468 1825 5 years 3 0 18
6 Virginia 36 $720 1826 8 clock hours 5 years 2 0 18
7 New Jersey 36 $331 1825 5 years 2 0 18
8 D C 36 $45 1825 5 years 1 0 0
9 Nevada 36 $1,078 1460 4 years 2 0 18
10 New Mexico 36 $531 1460 4 years 4 0 18
11 California 36 $579 1460 4 years 3 0 18
12 Kentucky 36 $506 1460 4 years 3 0 18
13 Hawaii 36 $615 1460 4 years 2 0 18
13 Oklahoma 36 $615 1460 4 years 2 0 18
15 Florida 36 $364 1460 4 years 2 0 18
16 Connecticut 36 $465 1460 4 years 3 0 0
17 Georgia 36 $297 1463 16 clock hours 4 years 1 0 18
18 Texas 36 $195 1460 4 years 1 0 18
19 Massachusetts 36 $370 1095 3 years 1 12 17
20 Michigan 36 $400 1095 3 years 1 0 0
21 Arizona 36 $956 730 2 years 2 0 18
22 Arkansas 36 $255 730 2 years 1 0 18
23 Utah 36 $354 733 20 clock hours 2 years 2 0 0
24 North Carolina 36 $260 730 2 years 2 0 0
25 Alaska 36 $450 730 2 years 1 0 0
26 South Carolina 36 $280 365 1 years 2 0 0
27 Mississippi 36 $290 67 3 jobs, contractors 2 0 0
28 Oregon 36 $410 3 16 clock hours 1 0 18
29 Tennessee 36 $360 0 2 0 0
30 Louisiana 36 $460 0 1 0 0
31 North Dakota 36 $125 0 0 0 18
32 West Virginia 36 $132 0 1 0 0
33 Wisconsin 36 $175 0 0 0 0
34 Washington 36 $113 0 0 0 0
35 Pennsylvania 36 $50 0 0 0 0
36 Nebraska 36 $0 0 0 0 0

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