Alaska

63 of 102 lower-income occupations licensed

45th most burdensome licensing laws

24th most broadly and onerously licensed state

Alaska licenses more occupations than average—63 of the 102 lower-income occupations studied here—and its laws are the 45th most burdensome. Alaska’s average barriers to entry are $298 in fees, 211 days of education and experience, and around one exam. As the 24th most broadly and onerously licensed state, Alaska has much room for improvement.

Alaska’s license requirements for some occupations are particularly burdensome when compared to the average burdens across licensed states. For example, at $1,000, the fee to become an athletic trainer in Alaska is twice the licensed-state average. And Alaska requires about 1,097 days of education and experience (comprising three years of experience and 10 hours of education) to become a licensed school bus driver, when the national average is just 300 days.

Alaska also imposes fee and education burdens on some occupations that seem excessive compared to those for other occupations that may present greater risks to the public. Veterinary technicians, for example, must complete two years (730 days) of education and pay $535 in fees in Alaska. These barriers are much higher than those for EMTs, who provide emergency first aid to humans but must only complete 120 hours (around 28 days) of specialized education and pay $105 in fees. Alaska could improve its rank by repealing or reducing inconsistent or irrational burdens for vet techs and other occupations, or—if government regulation is necessary—by replacing them with less restrictive regulatory alternatives.

Burden Rank Occupation States Licensed Fees Estimated Calendar Days Lost Education Experience Exams Min. Grade Min. Age
1 Preschool Teacher, Public School 50 $730 2190 4 years 2 years 2 0 0
2 Athletic Trainer 49 $1000 1460 4 years 1 0 0
3 HVAC Contractor (Commercial) 37 $450 1460 4 years 1 0 0
3 Sheet Metal Contractor, HVAC (Commercial) 37 $450 1460 4 years 1 0 0
5 School Bus Driver 51 $190 1097 10 clock hours 3 years 6 0 21
6 Fire Alarm Installer 39 $300 730 2 years 2 0 18
7 Veterinary Technician 36 $535 730 2 years 1 0 0
8 HVAC Contractor (Residential) 35 $450 730 2 years 1 0 0
8 Sheet Metal Contractor, HVAC (Residential) 36 $450 730 2 years 1 0 0
10 Optician 22 $550 420 1800 clock hours 1 12 18
11 Bus Driver, City/Transit 51 $140 365 1 years 5 0 19
12 Truck Driver, Tractor-Trailer 51 $140 365 1 years 5 0 18
13 Truck Driver, Other 51 $140 365 1 years 4 0 18
14 Cosmetologist 51 $450 385 1650 clock hours 2 0 0
15 Barber 51 $315 385 1650 clock hours 2 0 0
16 Massage Therapist 44 $805 117 4 clock hours and 500 clock hours 1 0 18
17 Bill Collection Agency 31 $175 0 0 12 19
18 Pharmacy Technician 44 $120 0 0 12 18
19 Makeup Artist 41 $450 82 350 clock hours 2 0 0
19 Skin Care Specialist 50 $450 82 350 clock hours 2 0 0
21 Manicurist 50 $390 58 250 clock hours 1 0 0
22 Emergency Medical Technician 51 $105 28 120 clock hours 2 0 18
23 Child Care Home, Family 44 $115 28 120 clock hours 0 0 21
24 Pest Control Applicator 51 $25 0 2 0 18
24 Vegetation Pesticide Applicator 51 $25 0 2 0 18
26 Bartender 13 $0 1 4 clock hours 1 0 21
27 Security Guard, Unarmed 34 $102 11 48 clock hours 0 0 18
28 Wildlife Control Operator 23 $100 0 0 0 18
29 Carpenter/Cabinet Maker Contractor (Commercial) 25 $300 0 0 0 0
29 Carpenter/Cabinet Maker Contractor (Residential) 30 $300 0 0 0 0
29 Cement Finishing Contractor (Commercial) 24 $300 0 0 0 0
29 Cement Finishing Contractor (Residential) 30 $300 0 0 0 0
29 Door Repair Contractor (Commercial) 24 $300 0 0 0 0
29 Door Repair Contractor (Residential) 29 $300 0 0 0 0
29 Drywall Installation Contractor (Commercial) 25 $300 0 0 0 0
29 Drywall Installation Contractor (Residential) 30 $300 0 0 0 0
29 Earth Driller, Water Well 51 $300 0 0 0 0
29 Floor Sander Contractor (Commercial) 22 $300 0 0 0 0
29 Floor Sander Contractor (Residential) 27 $300 0 0 0 0
29 Glazier Contractor (Commercial) 26 $300 0 0 0 0
29 Glazier Contractor (Residential) 30 $300 0 0 0 0
29 Insulation Contractor (Commercial) 25 $300 0 0 0 0
29 Insulation Contractor (Residential) 30 $300 0 0 0 0
29 Iron/Steel Contractor (Commercial) 26 $300 0 0 0 0
29 Iron/Steel Contractor (Residential) 30 $300 0 0 0 0
29 Landscape Contractor (Commercial) 47 $300 0 0 0 0
29 Landscape Contractor (Residential) 48 $300 0 0 0 0
29 Mason Contractor (Commercial) 26 $300 0 0 0 0
29 Mason Contractor (Residential) 31 $300 0 0 0 0
29 Painting Contractor (Commercial) 22 $300 0 0 0 0
29 Painting Contractor (Residential) 28 $300 0 0 0 0
29 Paving Contractor (Commercial) 24 $300 0 0 0 0
29 Paving Contractor (Residential) 28 $300 0 0 0 0
29 Pipelayer Contractor 27 $300 0 0 0 0
29 Security Alarm Installer 37 $300 0 0 0 0
29 Sheet Metal Contractor, Other (Commercial) 26 $300 0 0 0 0
29 Sheet Metal Contractor, Other (Residential) 31 $300 0 0 0 0
29 Terrazzo Contractor (Commercial) 23 $300 0 0 0 0
29 Terrazzo Contractor (Residential) 28 $300 0 0 0 0
60 Taxidermist 28 $200 0 0 0 0
61 Fisher, Commercial 43 $99 0 0 0 0
62 Travel Guide 37 $29 0 0 0 0
63 Coach, Head (High School Sports) 48 $0 1 4.5 clock hours 0 0 0

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