Delaware

44 of 102 lower-income occupations licensed

15th most burdensome licensing laws

32nd most broadly and onerously licensed state

Delaware licenses fewer of the lower-income occupations studied here than most states—44 out of 102—but its laws rank as the 15th most burdensome in the nation. On average, Delaware licenses require $199 in fees, 475 days lost to education and experience, and approximately one exam. The state ranks as the 32nd most broadly and onerously licensed.

Delaware licenses some occupations that are rarely licensed elsewhere, such as non-instructional teacher assistants, who are licensed by only four other states. Delaware also licenses pesticide applicators more onerously than many other states: Both pest control applicators and vegetation pesticide applicators in Delaware must demonstrate 730 days (two years) of experience before opening their businesses, when the national average of days lost to education and experience is just 274 days for pest control applicators and 134 days for vegetation pesticide applicators.

Delaware also imposes burdens on some occupations that seem excessive or illogical compared to those for other occupations that may present greater risks to the public. For example, while EMTs must only demonstrate 150 hours (around 35 days) of specialized education, pay $149 and pass two exams, barbers and cosmetologists must sacrifice 10 times as many hours to education (1,500 hours or about 350 days), pay over $200 and pass two exams. To expand opportunity, Delaware should reduce, if not repeal, inconsistent or irrational licensing burdens like these, or—if government regulation is necessary—replace them with less restrictive regulatory alternatives.

Burden Rank Occupation States Licensed Fees Estimated Calendar Days Lost Education Experience Exams Min. Grade Min. Age
1 Preschool Teacher, Public School 50 $296 2555 4 years 3 years 2 0 0
2 HVAC Contractor (Commercial) 37 $109 2190 6 years 1 0 0
2 HVAC Contractor (Residential) 35 $109 2190 6 years 1 0 0
2 Sheet Metal Contractor, HVAC (Commercial) 37 $109 2190 6 years 1 0 0
2 Sheet Metal Contractor, HVAC (Residential) 36 $109 2190 6 years 1 0 0
6 Midwife, Direct Entry 28 $1253 1095 3 years 1 12 21
7 Athletic Trainer 49 $425 1460 4 years 1 0 0
8 Fire Alarm Installer 39 $566 730 2 years 3 0 18
9 Earth Driller, Water Well 51 $180 730 2 years 1 0 18
10 Veterinary Technician 36 $397 730 2 years 1 0 0
11 Pest Control Applicator 51 $55 730 2 years 2 0 0
11 Vegetation Pesticide Applicator 51 $55 730 2 years 2 0 0
13 Cosmetologist 51 $225 350 1500 clock hours 2 10 16
13 Shampooer 37 $225 350 1500 clock hours 2 10 16
15 Barber 51 $218 350 1500 clock hours 2 10 16
16 School Bus Driver 51 $40 368 12 clock hours 1 years and 6 clock hours 6 0 18
17 Bus Driver, City/Transit 51 $35 365 1 years 5 0 18
18 Truck Driver, Tractor-Trailer 51 $30 365 1 years 5 0 18
19 Truck Driver, Other 51 $30 365 1 years 4 0 18
20 Taxi Driver/Chauffeur 16 $3 366 6 clock hours 1 years 0 0 18
21 Makeup Artist 41 $265 140 600 clock hours 2 10 16
22 Skin Care Specialist 50 $263 140 600 clock hours 2 10 16
23 Manicurist 50 $267 70 300 clock hours 2 10 16
24 Massage Therapist 44 $390 117 500 clock hours 1 0 18
25 Child Care Home, Family 44 $65 2 12 clock hours 0 12 18
26 Emergency Medical Technician 51 $149 35 150 clock hours 2 0 18
27 Teacher Assistant, Non-Instructional 5 $0 0 0 12 0
28 Mobile Home Installer 39 $238 3 15 clock hours 1 0 18
29 Security Alarm Installer 37 $260 0 0 0 18
30 Security Guard, Unarmed 34 $89 3 16 clock hours 1 0 18
31 Gaming Supervisor 30 $569 0 0 0 0
31 Slot Supervisor 28 $569 0 0 0 0
33 Travel Guide 37 $100 0 0 0 18
34 Gaming Cage Worker 29 $269 0 0 0 0
34 Gaming Dealer 28 $269 0 0 0 0
36 Animal Breeder 28 $173 0 0 0 0
37 Milk Sampler 42 $5 0 1 0 0
38 Fisher, Commercial 43 $150 0 0 0 0
39 Auctioneer 30 $75 0 0 0 0
39 Bill Collection Agency 31 $75 0 0 0 0
41 Weigher 25 $25 0 0 0 0
42 Coach, Head (High School Sports) 48 $0 0 0.5 clock hours 0 0 0
43 Landscape Contractor (Commercial) 47 $0 0 0 0 0
43 Landscape Contractor (Residential) 48 $0 0 0 0 0

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