Minnesota

34 of 102 lower-income occupations licensed

29th most burdensome licensing laws

46th most broadly and onerously licensed state

Minnesota is one of the better states in the nation for occupational licensing, ranking as only the 46th most broadly and onerously licensed state for lower-income occupations. It licenses 34 of the 102 occupations studied here, which is fewer than most states. Its laws rank as the 29th most burdensome and require, on average, $238 in fees, 300 days of education and experience, and around two exams.

Despite its better-than-average rankings, Minnesota licenses some occupations that are rarely licensed elsewhere. For example, few other states license electrical helpers (just one), packers (five), title examiners (six) or dental assistants (eight). Workers in these occupations are allowed to operate in most states without state licensure, calling into question why Minnesota deems licensure necessary. Minnesota also licenses dental assistants more stringently than the few other states that license the occupation, requiring $681 in fees, an estimated 425 days of education and three exams. By comparison, the average requirements across licensed states are just $138 in fees, 92 days of education and experience, and one exam.

Minnesota licenses dental assistants so onerously that it is easier to become an EMT than it is to become a dental assistant. EMTs must complete just 150 hours (roughly 35 days) of education, meaning that dental assistants need 12 times as much schooling. Cosmetologists and barbers also face more stringent licensing requirements than EMTs. Cosmetologists must demonstrate 10 times as much education (1,550 hours or roughly 362 days) and barbers almost 18 times as much (1,500 hours each of education and experience, equivalent to 613 days). Minnesota could reduce barriers to employment in lower-income occupations by reducing or repealing such high education and experience requirements, or—if government regulation is necessary—by replacing occupational licenses with less restrictive regulatory alternatives.

Burden Rank Occupation States Licensed Fees Estimated Calendar Days Lost Education Experience Exams Min. Grade Min. Age
1 Preschool Teacher, Public School 50 $343 1460 4 years 3 0 0
2 Earth Driller, Water Well 51 $325 1460 4 years 2 0 0
3 Athletic Trainer 49 $465 1460 4 years 1 0 0
4 Midwife, Direct Entry 28 $1200 1095 3 years 1 12 0
5 Fire Alarm Installer 39 $261 1095 3 years 1 0 0
5 Security Alarm Installer 37 $261 1095 3 years 1 0 0
7 Pest Control Applicator 51 $400 730 2 years 2 0 0
8 Barber 51 $182 613 1500 clock hours 1500 clock hours 4 10 0
9 Dental Assistant 9 $681 425 303.33 Days 3 0 0
10 Cosmetologist 51 $285 362 1550 clock hours 3 12 0
11 Makeup Artist 41 $285 140 600 clock hours 3 12 0
11 Skin Care Specialist 50 $285 140 600 clock hours 3 12 0
13 Manicurist 50 $285 82 350 clock hours 3 12 0
14 Emergency Medical Technician 51 $80 35 150 clock hours 2 12 18
15 Pharmacy Technician 44 $38 0 0 12 18
16 School Bus Driver 51 $39 0 6 0 18
17 Bus Driver, City/Transit 51 $33 0 5 0 18
18 Truck Driver, Tractor-Trailer 51 $24 0 5 0 18
19 Truck Driver, Other 51 $36 0 4 0 18
20 Crane Operator 18 $225 0 2 0 18
21 Bill Collection Agency 31 $1050 0 0 0 0
22 Mobile Home Installer 39 $383 0 2 0 0
23 Child Care Home, Family 44 $65 1 4 clock hours 0 0 18
24 Auctioneer 30 $20 0 0 0 18
25 Electrical Helper 2 $14 0 0 0 17
26 Vegetation Pesticide Applicator 51 $75 0 2 0 0
27 Title Examiner 7 $90 0 1 0 0
28 Animal Breeder 28 $160 0 0 0 0
29 Coach, Head (High School Sports) 48 $0 14 60 clock hours 0 0 0
30 Landscape Contractor (Commercial) 47 $150 0 0 0 0
30 Landscape Contractor (Residential) 48 $150 0 0 0 0
32 Fisher, Commercial 43 $120 0 0 0 0
33 Taxidermist 28 $44 0 0 0 0
34 Packer 6 $40 0 0 0 0

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