New Hampshire

38 of 102 lower-income occupations licensed

34th most burdensome licensing laws

41st most broadly and onerously licensed state

New Hampshire licenses 38 of the 102 lower-income occupations studied here—fewer than average—and its laws rank as the 34th most burdensome. On average, New Hampshire’s barriers to entry to lower-income occupations are $183 in fees, 273 days of education and experience, and roughly two exams. New Hampshire ranks as the 41st most broadly and onerously licensed, placing it among the nation’s less burdened states.

New Hampshire licenses several occupations that are rarely licensed elsewhere, such as animal trainers (licensed by eight other states), sign language interpreters (21 others), opticians (21 others) and auctioneers (29 others). Among those, sign language interpreters face particularly steep burdens in New Hampshire: $875 in fees, about 1,469 days (four years and 40 hours) of education and two exams.

New Hampshire also makes it much more difficult to enter many occupations—such as barbering or cosmetology—than it does to become an EMT, an occupation that arguably has a stronger connection to public safety. Barbers must complete 800 hours (an estimated 187 days) of education, while cosmetologists must complete 1,500 hours (an estimated 350 days). EMTs, on the other hand, need only complete 150 hours (an estimated 35 days) of education. In 2017, New Hampshire exempted hair braiders from the state’s cosmetology laws. It could expand opportunities by reducing or repealing its heavy licensing burdens for other lower-income occupations, or—if government regulation is demonstrably necessary—by replacing them with less restrictive alternatives.

Burden Rank Occupation States Licensed Fees Estimated Calendar Days Lost Education Experience Exams Min. Grade Min. Age
1 Preschool Teacher, Public School 50 $556 2555 4 years 3 years 2 0 0
2 Interpreter, Sign Language 22 $875 1469 4 years and 40 clock hours 2 0 18
3 Athletic Trainer 49 $470 1460 4 years 1 0 0
4 Midwife, Direct Entry 28 $1210 1095 3 years 2 12 0
5 Earth Driller, Water Well 51 $185 1095 3 years 1 0 0
6 School Bus Driver 51 $100 732 10 clock hours 2 years 6 0 18
7 Mobile Home Installer 39 $75 731 6 clock hours 2 years 0 0 18
8 Cosmetologist 51 $198 350 1500 clock hours 2 12 0
9 Barber 51 $129 187 800 clock hours 2 12 16
10 Massage Therapist 44 $305 175 750 clock hours 1 12 18
11 Makeup Artist 41 $198 140 600 clock hours 2 12 0
11 Skin Care Specialist 50 $198 140 600 clock hours 2 12 0
13 Manicurist 50 $198 70 300 clock hours 2 12 0
14 Vegetation Pesticide Applicator 51 $45 4 24 clock hours 6 0 18
15 Truck Driver, Tractor-Trailer 51 $80 0 6 0 18
16 Bus Driver, City/Transit 51 $90 0 5 0 18
17 Truck Driver, Other 51 $80 0 5 0 18
18 Emergency Medical Technician 51 $80 35 150 clock hours 2 0 18
19 Pest Control Applicator 51 $40 1 8 clock hours 4 0 18
20 Auctioneer 30 $275 19 80 clock hours 1 0 18
21 Child Care Home, Family 44 $35 42 6 credit hours 0 0 18
22 Travel Guide 37 $125 0 2 0 18
23 Shampooer 37 $25 35 150 clock hours 0 0 16
24 Weigher 25 $116 0 1 0 18
25 Pharmacy Technician 44 $50 19 80 clock hours 0 0 16
26 Gaming Supervisor 30 $550 0 0 0 0
27 Optician 22 $110 0 0 0 0
28 Wildlife Control Operator 23 $101 1 6 clock hours 0 0 0
29 Animal Breeder 28 $100 0 0 0 0
30 Gaming Dealer 28 $80 0 0 0 0
31 Animal Trainer 9 $39 3 15 clock hours 0 0 0
32 Fisher, Commercial 43 $50 0 0 0 0
32 Taxidermist 28 $50 0 0 0 0
34 Security Guard, Unarmed 34 $40 0 0 0 0
35 Coach, Head (High School Sports) 48 $25 1 4.5 clock hours 0 0 0
36 Landscape Contractor (Commercial) 47 $25 0 0 0 0
36 Landscape Contractor (Residential) 48 $25 0 0 0 0
38 Milk Sampler 42 $5 0 0 0 0

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