Utah

64 of 102 lower-income occupations licensed

13th most burdensome licensing laws

15th most broadly and onerously licensed state

Utah licenses more lower-income occupations than average—64 of the 102 studied here—and its laws are the 13th most burdensome. On average, Utah law requires $367 in fees, 504 days of education and experience, and roughly two exams to enter a licensed occupation. Utah ranks as the 15th most broadly and onerously licensed state, leaving much room for improvement.

Utah frequently licenses occupations that are unlicensed by most other states, such as upholsterers (licensed by nine other states), crane operators (17 others), commercial floor sander contractors (21 others) and commercial painting contractors (21 others). The latter two contractor occupations also face particularly steep burdens in Utah: an estimated 733 days lost to education and experience (20 hours of education and two years of experience), $549 in fees, and two exams. By comparison, the average requirements for these occupations in states that license them comprise fewer than 500 days of education and experience, less than $400 in fees, and around one exam. Given that so few states see fit to license commercial floor sander and painting contractors at all, Utah’s requirements appear particularly heavy-handed.

Utah also imposes burdens on some occupations that seem excessive compared to those for other occupations that may have a stronger connection to public safety. Fifty of Utah’s 64 occupational licenses, including all of its commercial and residential contractor licenses as well as its licenses for barbers, cosmetologists, manicurists and massage therapists, are more difficult to obtain than the state’s EMT license. For example, while cosmetologists need more than a year of education (an estimated 373 days or 1,600 hours), EMTs need only about a month (an estimated 28 days or 120 hours). Utah could improve its rankings by reducing or repealing heavy licensing burdens for lower-income occupations, or—if government regulation is necessary—by replacing them with less restrictive regulatory alternatives.

Burden Rank Occupation States Licensed Fees Estimated Calendar Days Lost Education Experience Exams Min. Grade Min. Age
1 Athletic Trainer 49 $370 1460 4 years 1 0 0
2 Midwife, Direct Entry 28 $1100 1095 3 years 1 12 0
3 Security Alarm Installer 37 $599 1099 22 clock hours 3 years 3 0 0
4 Earth Driller, Water Well 51 $350 730 2 years 5 0 21
5 Carpenter/Cabinet Maker Contractor (Commercial) 25 $549 733 20 clock hours 2 years 2 0 0
5 Carpenter/Cabinet Maker Contractor (Residential) 30 $549 733 20 clock hours 2 years 2 0 0
5 Cement Finishing Contractor (Commercial) 24 $549 733 20 clock hours 2 years 2 0 0
5 Cement Finishing Contractor (Residential) 30 $549 733 20 clock hours 2 years 2 0 0
5 Door Repair Contractor (Commercial) 24 $549 733 20 clock hours 2 years 2 0 0
5 Door Repair Contractor (Residential) 29 $549 733 20 clock hours 2 years 2 0 0
5 Drywall Installation Contractor (Commercial) 25 $549 733 20 clock hours 2 years 2 0 0
5 Drywall Installation Contractor (Residential) 30 $549 733 20 clock hours 2 years 2 0 0
5 Floor Sander Contractor (Commercial) 22 $549 733 20 clock hours 2 years 2 0 0
5 Floor Sander Contractor (Residential) 27 $549 733 20 clock hours 2 years 2 0 0
5 Glazier Contractor (Commercial) 26 $549 733 20 clock hours 2 years 2 0 0
5 HVAC Contractor (Commercial) 37 $549 733 20 clock hours 2 years 2 0 0
5 HVAC Contractor (Residential) 35 $549 733 20 clock hours 2 years 2 0 0
5 Insulation Contractor (Commercial) 25 $549 733 20 clock hours 2 years 2 0 0
5 Insulation Contractor (Residential) 30 $549 733 20 clock hours 2 years 2 0 0
5 Mason Contractor (Commercial) 26 $549 733 20 clock hours 2 years 2 0 0
5 Mason Contractor (Residential) 31 $549 733 20 clock hours 2 years 2 0 0
5 Mobile Home Installer 39 $549 733 20 clock hours 2 years 2 0 0
5 Painting Contractor (Commercial) 22 $549 733 20 clock hours 2 years 2 0 0
5 Painting Contractor (Residential) 28 $549 733 20 clock hours 2 years 2 0 0
5 Pipelayer Contractor 27 $549 733 20 clock hours 2 years 2 0 0
26 Glazier Contractor (Residential) 30 $549 733 20 clock hours 2 years 1 0 0
27 Iron/Steel Contractor (Commercial) 26 $354 733 20 clock hours 2 years 2 0 0
27 Iron/Steel Contractor (Residential) 30 $354 733 20 clock hours 2 years 2 0 0
27 Sheet Metal Contractor, HVAC (Commercial) 37 $354 733 20 clock hours 2 years 2 0 0
27 Sheet Metal Contractor, HVAC (Residential) 36 $354 733 20 clock hours 2 years 2 0 0
27 Sheet Metal Contractor, Other (Commercial) 26 $354 733 20 clock hours 2 years 2 0 0
27 Sheet Metal Contractor, Other (Residential) 31 $354 733 20 clock hours 2 years 2 0 0
33 Paving Contractor (Commercial) 24 $477 733 20 clock hours 2 years 1 0 0
33 Paving Contractor (Residential) 28 $477 733 20 clock hours 2 years 1 0 0
33 Terrazzo Contractor (Commercial) 23 $477 733 20 clock hours 2 years 1 0 0
33 Terrazzo Contractor (Residential) 28 $477 733 20 clock hours 2 years 1 0 0
37 Landscape Contractor (Commercial) 47 $589 733 20 clock hours 2 years 0 0 0
37 Landscape Contractor (Residential) 48 $589 733 20 clock hours 2 years 0 0 0
39 School Bus Driver 51 $114 365 1 years 6 0 21
40 Bus Driver, City/Transit 51 $107 365 1 years 5 0 21
41 Truck Driver, Tractor-Trailer 51 $100 365 1 years 5 0 18
42 Truck Driver, Other 51 $100 365 1 years 4 0 18
43 Cosmetologist 51 $234 373 1600 clock hours 2 0 0
44 Pharmacy Technician 44 $229 140 600 clock hours 2 12 0
45 Barber 51 $234 233 1000 clock hours 2 0 0
45 Shampooer 37 $234 233 1000 clock hours 2 0 0
47 Massage Therapist 44 $295 140 600 clock hours 1 0 18
48 Travel Guide 37 $237 140 100 days 1 0 18
49 Skin Care Specialist 50 $234 140 600 clock hours 2 0 0
50 Manicurist 50 $234 70 300 clock hours 2 0 0
51 Emergency Medical Technician 51 $195 28 120 clock hours 2 0 18
52 Crane Operator 18 $225 0 2 0 18
53 Interpreter, Sign Language 22 $210 0 2 0 18
54 Pest Control Applicator 51 $140 0 2 0 16
54 Vegetation Pesticide Applicator 51 $140 0 2 0 16
56 Taxi Driver/Chauffeur 16 $25 0 1 0 21
57 Bartender 13 $0 1 3 clock hours 1 0 21
58 Child Care Home, Family 44 $83 0 2.5 clock hours 0 0 18
59 Security Guard, Unarmed 34 $100 4 24 clock hours 1 0 0
60 Fisher, Commercial 43 $150 0 0 0 0
61 Upholsterer 10 $65 0 0 0 0
62 Coach, Head (High School Sports) 48 $40 1 4.5 clock hours 0 0 0
63 Milk Sampler 42 $40 0 0 0 0
64 Bill Collection Agency 31 $32 0 0 0 0

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