Missouri

37 of 102 lower-income occupations licensed

22nd most burdensome licensing laws

43rd most broadly and onerously licensed state

Missouri’s occupational licensing laws for lower-income occupations are the 22nd most burdensome in the nation. Its laws require, on average, $179 in fees, 348 days of education and experience, and around one exam. Missouri licenses fewer lower-income occupations than average (37 of the 102 studied here), making it only the 43rd most broadly and onerously licensed state.

Missouri is the only state to license psychiatric aides, who work under the direct supervision of licensed nurses and other medical professionals to assist mentally impaired and emotionally disturbed patients. Missouri is also one of only five states to license psychiatric technicians, who are allowed to perform more skilled work than psychiatric aides. Making matters worse, Missouri licenses these rarely licensed occupations onerously, requiring two years (730 days) of experience for both.

Missouri also imposes education and fee burdens on some occupations that seem excessive compared to those for other occupations that may present greater risks to the public. For example, veterinary technicians, who are licensed by only 36 states, must complete two years (730 days) of education and pay $360 in fees to become licensed in Missouri. Meanwhile, EMTs—who provide emergency first aid to humans—need complete just 100 hours (roughly 23 days) of education and pay just $80 in fees. Missouri should reduce or repeal its illogically burdensome requirements for vet techs and other occupations, or—if government regulation is necessary—replace them with less restrictive regulatory alternatives.

Burden Rank Occupation States Licensed Fees Estimated Calendar Days Lost Education Experience Exams Min. Grade Min. Age
1 Coach, Head (High School Sports) 48 $191 2920 4 years and 0.5 clock hours 4 years 3 0 0
2 Preschool Teacher, Public School 50 $191 2920 4 years 4 years 3 0 0
3 Athletic Trainer 49 $400 1460 4 years 1 0 0
4 Psychiatric Aide 1 $0 730 2 years 0 12 18
4 Psychiatric Technician 5 $0 730 2 years 0 12 18
6 Pest Control Applicator 51 $150 730 2 years 2 0 18
7 Earth Driller, Water Well 51 $90 730 2 years 2 0 18
8 Veterinary Technician 36 $360 730 2 years 2 0 0
9 Shampooer 37 $160 350 1500 clock hours 2 10 17
10 Cosmetologist 51 $150 350 1500 clock hours 2 10 17
11 Interpreter, Sign Language 22 $438 420 60 credit hours 2 0 18
12 Makeup Artist 41 $150 175 750 clock hours 2 10 17
12 Skin Care Specialist 50 $150 175 750 clock hours 2 10 17
14 Manicurist 50 $150 93 400 clock hours 2 10 17
15 Barber 51 $45 233 1000 clock hours 2 0 17
16 Massage Therapist 44 $365 117 500 clock hours 1 0 18
17 Gaming Supervisor 30 $1100 0 0 0 18
17 Slot Supervisor 28 $1100 0 0 0 18
19 School Bus Driver 51 $80 1 8 clock hours 6 0 18
20 Bus Driver, City/Transit 51 $80 0 5 0 18
20 Truck Driver, Tractor-Trailer 51 $80 0 5 0 18
22 Truck Driver, Other 51 $80 0 4 0 18
23 Emergency Medical Technician 51 $80 23 100 clock hours 2 0 18
24 Vegetation Pesticide Applicator 51 $150 0 2 0 18
25 Mobile Home Installer 39 $150 1 8 clock hours 1 0 18
26 Animal Breeder 28 $125 0 0 0 18
26 Gaming Cage Worker 29 $125 0 0 0 18
26 Gaming Dealer 28 $125 0 0 0 18
29 Taxi Driver/Chauffeur 16 $18 0 0 0 18
30 Child Care Home, Family 44 $13 0 0 0 18
31 Milk Sampler 42 $25 0 1 0 0
32 Pharmacy Technician 44 $78 0 0 0 0
33 Auctioneer 30 $52 0 0 0 0
34 Landscape Contractor (Commercial) 47 $50 0 0 0 0
34 Landscape Contractor (Residential) 48 $50 0 0 0 0
36 Taxidermist 28 $30 0 0 0 0
37 Fisher, Commercial 43 $25 0 0 0 0

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