Kansas

35 of 102 lower-income occupations licensed
40th most burdensome licensing laws
45th most broadly and onerously licensed state

Kansas’ licensing laws for lower-income workers rank as the 40th most burdensome, requiring, on average, $133 in fees, 200 days of education and experience, and roughly two exams. Because Kansas licenses relatively few of the lower-income occupations studied here—35 out of 102—it ranks as the 45th most broadly and onerously licensed state.

Kansas licenses several occupations that are unlicensed elsewhere. For example, psychiatric technicians are licensed by just four other states but in Kansas must sacrifice the better part of a year to education (900 hours or roughly 210 days), pass an exam and pay a $146 fee to become licensed. Veterinary technicians, likewise, are licensed by only 35 other states yet must pay $330 in fees, lose two years (730 days) to education and pass two exams to work in Kansas.

Kansas also imposes burdens on some occupations that seem excessive compared to those for other occupations that may present greater risks to the public. For example, barbers and cosmetologists are two of Kansas’ most strictly licensed occupations. Both licenses require approximately 350 days (1,500 hours) of education. In addition, the barber license requires a $180 fee and three exams, while the cosmetology license requires $195 in fees and two exams. By comparison, Kansas’ EMT license requires only about 81 days (11.5 credit hours) of education, $130 in fees and two exams. Kansas should reduce or repeal some of its more burdensome and irrational licensing requirements, or—if government regulation is necessary—replace them with less restrictive regulatory alternatives.

Burden Rank Occupation Fees Estimated Calendar Days Lost Education Experience Exams Minimum Grade Minimum Age
1 Preschool Teacher, Public School $462 1825 4 years 1 years 2 0 0
2 Athletic Trainer $380 1460 4 years - 1 0 0
3 Mobile Home Installer $300 731 8 clock hours 2 years 1 0 18
4 Veterinary Technician $330 730 2 years - 2 0 0
5 Barber $180 350 1500 clock hours - 3 12 16
5 Shampooer $180 350 1500 clock hours - 3 12 16
7 Cosmetologist $195 350 1500 clock hours - 2 12 17
8 School Bus Driver $62 367 - 1 years and 12 clock hours 6 0 21
9 Makeup Artist $195 233 1000 clock hours - 2 12 17
9 Skin Care Specialist $195 233 1000 clock hours - 2 12 17
11 Psychiatric Technician $146 210 900 clock hours - 1 12 0
12 Manicurist $195 82 350 clock hours - 2 12 17
13 Emergency Medical Technician $130 81 11.5 credit hours - 2 12 17
14 Funeral Attendant $200 0 - - 1 12 17
15 Child Care Home, Family $85 3 - 15 clock hours 0 12 18
16 Vegetation Pesticide Applicator $180 0 - - 4 0 18
17 Truck Driver, Tractor-Trailer $57 0 - - 5 0 18
18 Bus Driver, City/Transit $49 0 - - 5 0 18
19 Truck Driver, Other $57 0 - - 4 0 18
20 Pest Control Applicator $90 0 - - 2 0 18
21 Wildlife Control Operator $0 1 8 clock hours - 1 0 16
22 Bartender $0 0 - - 0 0 21
23 Title Examiner $150 0 - - 1 0 0
24 Earth Driller, Water Well $135 0 - - 1 0 0
25 Animal Breeder $200 0 - - 0 0 0
26 Milk Sampler $35 1 1 clock hours 1 days 1 0 0
27 Landscape Contractor (Commercial) $85 0 - - 0 0 0
27 Landscape Contractor (Residential) $85 0 - - 0 0 0
29 Pharmacy Technician $68 0 - - 0 0 0
30 Gaming Cage Worker $60 0 - - 0 0 0
30 Gaming Dealer $60 0 - - 0 0 0
30 Gaming Supervisor $60 0 - - 0 0 0
30 Slot Supervisor $60 0 - - 0 0 0
34 Coach, Head (High School Sports) $0 1 4 clock hours - 0 0 0
35 Fire Alarm Installer $0 0 - - 0 0 0