New Hampshire

38 of 102 lower-income occupations licensed
34th most burdensome licensing laws
41st most broadly and onerously licensed state

New Hampshire licenses 38 of the 102 lower-income occupations studied here—fewer than average—and its laws rank as the 34th most burdensome. On average, New Hampshire’s barriers to entry to lower-income occupations are $183 in fees, 273 days of education and experience, and roughly two exams. New Hampshire ranks as the 41st most broadly and onerously licensed, placing it among the nation’s less burdened states.

New Hampshire licenses several occupations that are rarely licensed elsewhere, such as animal trainers (licensed by eight other states), sign language interpreters (21 others), opticians (21 others) and auctioneers (29 others). Among those, sign language interpreters face particularly steep burdens in New Hampshire: $875 in fees, about 1,469 days (four years and 40 hours) of education and two exams.

New Hampshire also makes it much more difficult to enter many occupations—such as barbering or cosmetology—than it does to become an EMT, an occupation that arguably has a stronger connection to public safety. Barbers must complete 800 hours (an estimated 187 days) of education, while cosmetologists must complete 1,500 hours (an estimated 350 days). EMTs, on the other hand, need only complete 150 hours (an estimated 35 days) of education. In 2017, New Hampshire exempted hair braiders from the state’s cosmetology laws. It could expand opportunities by reducing or repealing its heavy licensing burdens for other lower-income occupations, or—if government regulation is demonstrably necessary—by replacing them with less restrictive alternatives.

Burden Rank Occupation Fees Estimated Calendar Days Lost Education Experience Exams Minimum Grade Minimum Age
1 Preschool Teacher, Public School $556 2555 4 years 3 years 2 0 0
2 Interpreter, Sign Language $875* 1469* 4 years and 40 clock hours* - 2 0 18
3 Athletic Trainer $470 1460 4 years - 1 0 0
4 Midwife, Direct Entry $1210 1095 3 years - 2 12 0
5 Earth Driller, Water Well $185 1095 - 3 years 1 0 0
6 School Bus Driver $100 732 10 clock hours 2 years 6 0 18
7 Mobile Home Installer $75 731 6 clock hours 2 years 0 0 18
8 Cosmetologist $198 350 1500 clock hours - 2 12 0
9 Barber $129 187 800 clock hours - 2 12 16
10 Massage Therapist $305 175 750 clock hours - 1 12 18
11 Makeup Artist $198 140 600 clock hours - 2 12 0
11 Skin Care Specialist $198 140 600 clock hours - 2 12 0
13 Manicurist $198 70 300 clock hours - 2 12 0
14 Vegetation Pesticide Applicator $45 4 24 clock hours - 6 0 18
15 Truck Driver, Tractor-Trailer $80 0 - - 6 0 18
16 Bus Driver, City/Transit $90 0 - - 5 0 18
17 Truck Driver, Other $80 0 - - 5 0 18
18 Emergency Medical Technician $80 35 150 clock hours - 2 0 18
19 Pest Control Applicator $40 1 8 clock hours - 4 0 18
20 Auctioneer $275 19 80 clock hours - 1 0 18
21 Child Care Home, Family $35 42 6 credit hours - 0 0 18
22 Travel Guide $125 0 - - 2 0 18
23 Shampooer $25 35 150 clock hours - 0 0 16
24 Weigher $116 0 - - 1 0 18
25 Pharmacy Technician $50 19 - 80 clock hours 0 0 16
26 Gaming Supervisor $550 0 - - 0 0 0
27 Optician $110 0 - - 0 0 0
28 Wildlife Control Operator $101 1 6 clock hours - 0 0 0
29 Animal Breeder $100 0 - - 0 0 0
30 Gaming Dealer $80 0 - - 0 0 0
31 Animal Trainer $39 3 - 15 clock hours 0 0 0
32 Fisher, Commercial $50 0 - - 0 0 0
32 Taxidermist $50 0 - - 0 0 0
34 Security Guard, Unarmed $40 0 - - 0 0 0
35 Coach, Head (High School Sports) $25 1 4.5 clock hours - 0 0 0
36 Landscape Contractor (Commercial) $25 0 - - 0 0 0
36 Landscape Contractor (Residential) $25 0 - - 0 0 0
38 Milk Sampler $5 0 - - 0 0 0