Delaware

44 of 102 lower-income occupations licensed
15th most burdensome licensing laws
32nd most broadly and onerously licensed state

Delaware licenses fewer of the lower-income occupations studied here than most states—44 out of 102—but its laws rank as the 15th most burdensome in the nation. On average, Delaware licenses require $199 in fees, 475 days lost to education and experience, and approximately one exam. The state ranks as the 32nd most broadly and onerously licensed.

Delaware licenses some occupations that are rarely licensed elsewhere, such as non-instructional teacher assistants, who are licensed by only four other states. Delaware also licenses pesticide applicators more onerously than many other states: Both pest control applicators and vegetation pesticide applicators in Delaware must demonstrate 730 days (two years) of experience before opening their businesses, when the national average of days lost to education and experience is just 274 days for pest control applicators and 134 days for vegetation pesticide applicators.

Delaware also imposes burdens on some occupations that seem excessive or illogical compared to those for other occupations that may present greater risks to the public. For example, while EMTs must only demonstrate 150 hours (around 35 days) of specialized education, pay $149 and pass two exams, barbers and cosmetologists must sacrifice 10 times as many hours to education (1,500 hours or about 350 days), pay over $200 and pass two exams. To expand opportunity, Delaware should reduce, if not repeal, inconsistent or irrational licensing burdens like these, or—if government regulation is necessary—replace them with less restrictive regulatory alternatives.

Burden Rank Occupation Fees Estimated Calendar Days Lost Education Experience Exams Minimum Grade Minimum Age
1 Preschool Teacher, Public School $296 2555 4 years 3 years 2 0 0
2 HVAC Contractor (Commercial) $109 2190 - 6 years 1 0 0
2 HVAC Contractor (Residential) $109 2190 - 6 years 1 0 0
2 Sheet Metal Contractor, HVAC (Commercial) $109 2190 - 6 years 1 0 0
2 Sheet Metal Contractor, HVAC (Residential) $109 2190 - 6 years 1 0 0
6 Midwife, Direct Entry $1253 1095 3 years - 1 12 21
7 Athletic Trainer $425 1460 4 years - 1 0 0
8 Fire Alarm Installer $566 730 - 2 years 3 0 18
9 Earth Driller, Water Well $180 730 - 2 years 1 0 18
10 Veterinary Technician $397 730 2 years - 1 0 0
11 Pest Control Applicator $55 730 - 2 years 2 0 0
11 Vegetation Pesticide Applicator $55 730 - 2 years 2 0 0
13 Cosmetologist $225 350 1500 clock hours - 2 10 16
13 Shampooer $225 350 1500 clock hours - 2 10 16
15 Barber $218 350 1500 clock hours - 2 10 16
16 School Bus Driver $40 368 12 clock hours 1 years and 6 clock hours 6 0 18
17 Bus Driver, City/Transit $35 365 - 1 years 5 0 18
18 Truck Driver, Tractor-Trailer $30 365 - 1 years 5 0 18
19 Truck Driver, Other $30 365 - 1 years 4 0 18
20 Taxi Driver/Chauffeur $3 366 6 clock hours 1 years 0 0 18
21 Makeup Artist $265 140 600 clock hours - 2 10 16
22 Skin Care Specialist $263 140 600 clock hours - 2 10 16
23 Manicurist $267 70 300 clock hours - 2 10 16
24 Massage Therapist $390 117 500 clock hours - 1 0 18
25 Child Care Home, Family $65 2 - 12 clock hours 0 12 18
26 Emergency Medical Technician $149 35 150 clock hours - 2 0 18
27 Teacher Assistant, Non-Instructional $0 0 - - 0 12 0
28 Mobile Home Installer $238 3 15 clock hours - 1 0 18
29 Security Alarm Installer $260 0 - - 0 0 18
30 Security Guard, Unarmed $89 3 16 clock hours - 1 0 18
31 Gaming Supervisor $569 0 - - 0 0 0
31 Slot Supervisor $569 0 - - 0 0 0
33 Travel Guide $100 0 - - 0 0 18
34 Gaming Cage Worker $269 0 - - 0 0 0
34 Gaming Dealer $269 0 - - 0 0 0
36 Animal Breeder $173 0 - - 0 0 0
37 Milk Sampler $5 0 - - 1 0 0
38 Fisher, Commercial $150 0 - - 0 0 0
39 Auctioneer $75 0 - - 0 0 0
39 Bill Collection Agency $75 0 - - 0 0 0
41 Weigher $25 0 - - 0 0 0
42 Coach, Head (High School Sports) $0 0 0.5 clock hours - 0 0 0
43 Landscape Contractor (Commercial) $0 0 - - 0 0 0
43 Landscape Contractor (Residential) $0 0 - - 0 0 0