Gaming Cage Worker Licensing

States Licensed


of 50 states and D.C.


Burden Rank


for average burdens 1st is worst


Combined Rank


for states licensed x average burdens 1st is worst

Change from 2017 to 2022, if any:
Burden increased
Burden decreased
Mixed burden change
New license
Eliminated license
2022 Licensing Burden Rank
Lower Burden Rank
Higher Burden Rank
No state license

How does my state compare to others?

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Gaming cage workers, or casino cashiers or cage supervisors, conduct financial transactions for patrons in gaming establishments. They may reconcile daily summaries of transactions to balance books; accept patrons’ credit applications and verify credit references to provide check-cashing authorization or establish house credit accounts; sell gambling chips, tokens or tickets to patrons or other workers for resale to patrons; and convert gaming chips, tokens or tickets to currency upon a patron’s request.

2022 Snapshot

  • 21 unlicensed states
  • Days lost are 0 in all states
  • Fees range from $0 (5 states) to $536 (Virginia)
  • 0 states require exams
  • 19 states set minimum age
  • 0 states set minimum grade

Changes Since 2017

  • No licenses removed; 1 license created when Virginia legalized casinos
  • Fees changed most often and more often increased; Florida eliminated its minimum age requirement
  • Burden rank worsened 1 spot and combined rank worsened 7 spots, largely because of a new license

2022 Licensing Burden in Detail

N New License
E Eliminated License

Data Notes: 2022 data collected between February 3, 2020, and March 18, 2022. Fees include charges for application review and license issuance; exams; background checks, credit reports and fingerprinting; recovery fund contributions; third-party certification; and certain fees for training courses. Calendar days lost were estimated based on required education and experience; except for amounts smaller than one day, days lost are rounded to whole days and thus may not reflect very small changes between 2017 and 2022. Appendix A details methods for estimating days lost and calculating burden ranks. Complete data, including revised 2017 data, are available at

Additional Resources