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Emergency Medical Technician

License to Work: A National Study of Burdens from Occupational Licensing

License to Work: A National Study of Burdens from Occupational Licensing

Highlights

License required in 51 states
67th most burdensome licensing requirements
12th most heavily regulated occupation

(Last updated April 24, 2012)

Definition

Emergency medical technicians, or EMTs, and paramedics assess injuries, administer emergency medical care, extricate trapped individuals and transport injured or sick persons to medical facilities.

Summary

Every state and the District of Columbia require a license to work as an EMT. License requirements for EMTs vary slightly across states. Most states have a minimum age requirement of 18 (a couple of states allow those younger to be EMTs with parental consent), require one written and one practical exam and require about a month of education. Fees vary from zero to $205, and education and training varies from 140 days of internship and coursework in Alaska to no education or training in D.C. EMTs face the 67th most burdensome licensing requirements, but because EMTs are licensed everywhere, it ranks as the 12th most widely and onerously licensed occupation.

(Last updated April 30, 2012)

State Licensing Requirements

Burden RankStateFeesEducation/Experience (Days)ExamsMinimum GradeMinimum Age
1 Alaska 125 140 2 12 19
2 Hawaii 160 74 2 0 18
3 Arizona 70 53 2 12 18
4 Tennessee 118 46 2 12 18
5 Louisiana 100 41 2 12 18
6 Alabama 80 42 2 0 18
7 New Mexico 65 42 2 0 18
8 Rhode Island 180 37 2 0 18
9 Oklahoma 155 36 2 0 18
10 Kansas 50 35 2 12 18
11 Wyoming 70 37 2 0 18
12 New York 35 35 2 12 18
13 Texas 134 33 2 12 18
14 Indiana 70 34 2 12 18
15 North Carolina 0 39 2 12 0
16 Kentucky 105 32 2 12 18
17 Montana 100 31 2 12 18
18 Oregon 70 35 2 0 18
19 South Carolina 107 33 2 0 18
20 Ohio 70 30 2 12 18
21 Florida 75 34 1 12 18
22 Delaware 70 32 2 0 18
23 Georgia 95 31 2 0 18
24 Pennsylvania 0 33 2 0 16
25 Maryland 65 31 2 0 18
26 Connecticut 100 30 2 0 16
27 Utah 145 28 2 0 18
28 Mississippi 105 28 2 0 18
29 Maine 121 33 2 0 0
30 Wisconsin 70 28 2 0 18
31 Massachusetts 205 26 2 0 18
32 Minnesota 170 26 2 0 18
33 California 70 28 2 0 18
33 West Virginia 70 28 2 0 18
33 Arkansas 70 28 2 0 18
33 New Jersey 70 28 2 0 18
37 Nevada 176 26 2 0 18
38 Michigan 110 26 2 0 18
39 Virginia 0 28 2 0 18
40 Iowa 20 28 2 0 17
41 New Hampshire 70 26 2 0 18
41 Colorado 70 26 2 0 18
41 Washington 70 26 2 0 18
41 North Dakota 70 26 2 0 18
41 South Dakota 70 26 2 0 18
41 Idaho 70 26 2 0 18
47 Vermont 0 26 2 0 18
48 Missouri 70 23 2 0 18
49 Illinois 20 26 1 12 18
50 Nebraska 70 4 2 12 18
51 Washington, D.C. 70 0 2 0 18

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