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Earth Driller

License to Work: A National Study of Burdens from Occupational Licensing

License to Work: A National Study of Burdens from Occupational Licensing

Highlights

License required in 47 states
10th most burdensome licensing requirements
3rd most heavily regulated occupation

(Last updated April 24, 2012)

Definition

Earth drillers operate a variety of drills such as rotary, churn and pneumatic to tap sub-surface water and salt deposits, to remove core samples during mineral exploration or soil testing and to facilitate the use of explosives in mining or construction. They may use explosives.

Summary

Forty-seven states require earth drill operators to obtain licenses. The requirements are the 10th most burdensome of 102 occupations studied because 31 states require at least two years of education and training and two states -- Maryland and South Dakota-- require five. Almost every state requires that drill operators pass at least one exam (some as many as three) and pay a fee averaging $177. Of the 47 states that license earth drillers, 21 require practitioners to be contractors (those states are indicated with stripes on the map), meaning individuals can work as a driller but only under the supervision of a licensed contractor. In the other 26 states, anyone doing the work of earth driller must be licensed.

(Last updated April 30, 2012)

State Licensing Requirements

Burden RankStateFeesEducation/Experience (Days)ExamsMinimum GradeMinimum Age
1 Maryland 350 1,825 1 0 0
2 South Dakota 200 1,825 1 0 0
3 Hawaii 250 1,460 1 0 18
4 Minnesota 275 1,460 1 0 0
5 Washington 75 1,335 0 0 0
6 New Jersey 50 1,095 1 12 0
7 Mississippi 100 1,095 3 0 21
8 Indiana 125 1,095 1 0 18
9 Vermont 105 1,095 2 0 0
10 Arizona 80 1,095 2 0 0
11 New Hampshire 260 1,095 1 0 0
12 Massachusetts 200 1,095 1 0 0
13 Michigan 40 730 2 12 18
14 Iowa 500 730 2 0 0
14 Georgia 500 730 2 0 0
16 New Mexico 50 730 2 0 20
17 Virginia 235 730 1 0 18
18 Missouri 250 730 2 0 0
19 Kentucky 65 730 3 0 0
20 Delaware 180 730 1 0 18
21 Illinois 160 730 1 0 18
22 Florida 150 730 1 0 18
23 Oklahoma 350 730 1 0 0
24 Louisiana 110 730 1 0 18
25 West Virginia 125 730 1 0 16
26 Nevada 100 730 1 0 18
27 Colorado 100 730 2 0 0
28 Texas 270 730 1 0 0
29 Alabama 200 730 1 0 0
30 Tennessee 100 730 1 0 0
31 Connecticut 88 730 1 0 0
32 Wisconsin 50 730 1 0 0
33 North Carolina 250 548 1 0 18
34 Montana 300 365 2 0 0
35 Oregon 170 365 1 0 18
36 Arkansas 150 365 1 0 18
37 North Dakota 300 365 1 0 0
38 Idaho 200 365 1 0 0
39 Maine 25 365 1 0 0
40 Utah 100 183 1 0 18
41 Nebraska 150 0 2 0 19
42 Wyoming 250 0 1 0 18
43 New York 275 0 2 0 0
44 South Carolina 50 0 1 0 18
45 Rhode Island 200 0 1 0 0
46 Kansas 110 0 1 0 0
47 Pennsylvania 85 0 0 0 0

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