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Michigan

License to Work: A National Study of Burdens from Occupational Licensing

License to Work: A National Study of Burdens from Occupational Licensing

Highlights

42 out of 102 moderate-income occupations licensed
21st most burdensome licensing laws
26th most extensively and onerously licensed state

(Last updated April 24, 2012)

Summary

Michigan licenses 42 of the 102 low- and middle-income occupations studied. These laws are relatively burdensome, ranking 21st in the country. Applicants for a license in the 42 occupations can anticipate, on average, paying $198 in fees, losing 256 days to education and experience requirements and taking one exam.

Michigan is the most difficult place in the country to become a security guard. Applicants must obtain three years of education and experience. The 37 other states that license security guards require 11 days or less, with the exception of North Dakota, which requires 241 days. Licensing requirements far exceed national averages for both security alarm installers, who must obtain four years of training, and fire alarm installers, who must obtain three years. National averages for those occupations are 535 days and 486 days, respectively.

Of the 42 licensed occupations, 15 are licensed in fewer than half of the other states. Occupations that are unlicensed or face lower entry barriers elsewhere are candidates for reform. Other possible reform targets include occupations whose burdens appear overly onerous compared to others with a greater connection to public safety. For instance, barbers are required to obtain almost 18 times as much training as emergency medical technicians; cosmetologists must complete as almost 14 times as much training as EMTs. Reducing or eliminating overly burdensome requirements could open job opportunities in Michigan.

Licensing Requirements

Burden RankOccupationNumber of States that LicenseFeesEducation/Experience (Days)ExamsMinimum GradeMinimum Age
1 Preschool Teacher 49 125 1,825 2 0 0
2 Security Alarm Installer 34 200 1,460 1 12 25
3 Athletic Trainer 46 275 1,460 1 0 0
4 Security Guard 37 200 1,095 0 12 25
5 Fire Alarm Installer 34 200 1,095 1 0 20
6 HVAC Contractor (General/Commercial) 40 110 1,095 1 0 0
7 Earth Driller 47 40 730 2 12 18
8 Veterinary Technologist 37 235 730 2 0 0
9 Barber 50 20 467 2 10 17
10 Cosmetologist 51 40 350 2 9 17
11 Makeup Artist 36 64 93 2 9 17
11 Skin Care Specialist 50 64 93 2 9 17
13 Manicurist 50 39 93 2 9 0
14 Bill Collector Agency 30 273 0 1 12 18
15 Cathodic Protection Tester 16 1500 8 2 0 0
16 School Bus Driver 51 70 3 6 0 18
17 Bus Driver (City/Transit) 51 65 0 5 0 18
18 Child Care Worker 33 0 3 0 12 18
19 Truck Driver 51 60 0 4 0 18
20 Slot Key Person 21 750 0 0 0 21
20 Gaming Supervisor 23 750 0 0 0 21
22 Emergency Medical Technician 51 110 26 2 0 18
23 Door Repair Contractor 35 235 14 2 0 18
24 Insulation Contractor (Residential) 10 235 12 2 0 18
24 Mason Contractor (Residential) 10 235 12 2 0 18
24 Terrazzo Contractor (Residential) 8 235 12 2 0 18
24 Cement Finishing Contractor (Residential) 9 235 12 2 0 18
24 Carpenter/Cabinet Maker (Residential) 10 235 12 2 0 18
24 Painting Contractor (Residential) 10 235 12 2 0 18
30 Glazier Contractor (Residential) 9 215 12 1 0 18
30 Floor Sander Contractor (Residential) 9 215 12 1 0 18
32 Pest Control Applicator 51 75 0 2 0 18
32 Vegetation Pesticide Handler 51 75 0 2 0 18
34 Gaming Dealer 24 200 0 0 0 21
34 Gaming Cage Worker 22 200 0 0 0 21
36 Taxi Driver/Chauffeur 12 35 0 1 0 16
37 Fisher 41 200 0 0 0 17
38 Milk Sampler 34 50 0 1 0 0
39 Animal Control Officer 17 0 23 0 0 0
40 Mobile Home Installer 39 150 1 0 0 0
41 Taxidermist 26 50 0 0 0 0
42 Animal Breeder 26 18 0 0 0 0

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