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Montana

License to Work: A National Study of Burdens from Occupational Licensing

License to Work: A National Study of Burdens from Occupational Licensing

Highlights

44 out of 102 moderate-income occupations licensed
49th most burdensome licensing laws
35th most extensively and onerously licensed state

(Last updated April 24, 2012)

Summary

Montana ranks as the 35th most broadly and onerously licensed state. Of the 102 lower-income occupations studied, Montana licenses 44, and only two states have less burdensome licensing laws. These laws do impose real burdens on would-be workers, however: on average, $131 in fees, 133 days -- about four months -- lost to education and experience and one exam.

Montana's average burdens appear low largely because 22 of the occupations have no training or exam requirements, only fees and some minimum age or grade requirements. Still, several of Montana's licenses have excessive requirements compared to the other licensed states. Montana is one of only two states to require that school bus drivers possess a driver's license for five years prior to working. Most states have no such requirement; 22 states require a short course or training session instead, while eight states and the District of Columbia require only tests, fees and a minimum age. Aspiring crane operators lose 233 days to experience in Montana, while 12 of the 18 states that license crane operators do not require experience. Athletic trainers are charged $1,050 in fees, more than twice the national average of $443, and the most of all the states.

Montana could assist its workers by reducing or removing fees and other barriers in its licensed low- to moderate-income occupations.

Licensing Requirements

Burden RankOccupationNumber of States that LicenseFeesEducation/Experience (Days)ExamsMinimum GradeMinimum Age
1 School Bus Driver 51 9 1,825 6 0 18
2 Athletic Trainer 46 1050 1,460 1 0 0
3 Midwife 29 1350 730 1 12 21
4 Cosmetologist 51 75 467 2 12 18
5 Barber 50 115 350 2 12 18
6 Earth Driller 47 300 365 2 0 0
7 Crane Operator 18 100 233 2 0 18
8 Skin Care Specialist 50 60 152 1 12 18
8 Makeup Artist 36 60 152 1 12 18
10 Emergency Medical Technician 51 100 31 2 12 18
11 Manicurist 50 45 82 1 12 0
12 Pharmacy Technician 12 60 0 1 12 18
13 Funeral Attendant 9 200 0 0 12 18
14 Bus Driver (City/Transit) 51 9 0 5 0 18
15 Truck Driver 51 9 0 4 0 18
16 Teacher Assistant 29 45 0 1 12 0
17 Security Alarm Installer 34 104 0 1 0 18
17 Fire Alarm Installer 34 104 0 1 0 18
19 Animal Trainer 20 50 0 1 0 18
20 Security Guard 37 57 0 0 0 18
21 Child Care Worker 33 0 4 0 0 16
22 Fisher 41 500 0 0 0 0
23 Backflow Prevention Assembly Tester 18 180 9 1 0 0
24 Pest Control Applicator 51 55 0 2 0 0
24 Vegetation Pesticide Handler 51 55 0 2 0 0
26 Milk Sampler 34 5 0 1 0 0
27 Gaming Dealer 24 109 0 0 0 0
28 Travel Guide 21 100 0 0 0 0
29 Iron/Steel Contractor (General/Commercial) 31 53 0 0 0 0
29 HVAC Contractor (General/Commercial) 40 53 0 0 0 0
29 Paving Equipment Operator Contractor 27 53 0 0 0 0
29 Sheet Metal Contractor (General/Commercial) 28 53 0 0 0 0
29 Painting Contractor (General/Commercial) 28 53 0 0 0 0
29 Insulation Contractor (General/Commercial) 29 53 0 0 0 0
29 Glazier Contractor (General/Commercial) 30 53 0 0 0 0
29 Mason Contractor (General/Commercial) 29 53 0 0 0 0
29 Pipelayer Contractor 29 53 0 0 0 0
29 Terrazzo Contractor (General/Commercial) 29 53 0 0 0 0
29 Floor Sander Contractor (General/Commercial) 29 53 0 0 0 0
29 Carpenter/Cabinet Maker Contractor (General/Commercial) 30 53 0 0 0 0
29 Drywall Installation Contractor (General/Commercial) 30 53 0 0 0 0
29 Door Repair Contractor 35 53 0 0 0 0
29 Cement Finishing Contractor (General/Commercial) 29 53 0 0 0 0
44 Taxidermist 26 50 0 0 0 0

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