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New Jersey

License to Work: A National Study of Burdens from Occupational Licensing

License to Work: A National Study of Burdens from Occupational Licensing

Highlights

48 out of 102 moderate-income occupations licensed
20th most burdensome licensing laws
16th most extensively and onerously licensed state

(Last updated April 24, 2012)

Summary

New Jersey is the 16th most broadly and onerously licensed state, placing it in the second tier of states. The average barriers for the 48 occupations licensed are $179 in fees, 292 days lost to education and experience and one exam -- the 20th most burdensome licensing requirements. For six occupations, New Jersey has the most burdensome requirements. The state also licenses 25 occupations that a majority of other states choose not to license.

New Jersey's poor ranking is from requiring training and fees for many of its licensed occupations beyond what other states require and from licensing more occupations than most states. For example, the state licenses 11 residential contractor occupations, for which only around 10 states require a license.

The state also has large barriers to entry in occupations that most other states do not even license. For example court clerks, only licensed by three other states, are required to have two years of experience. The other states do not require anything near that much time. Aspiring locksmiths lose more than three years to education, yet the 12 other states that license these workers do not require any more than 16 days. Cathodic protection testers (those who inspect certain systems designed to protect buried or submerged metal piping and tanks) lose two years to training. Only one other state requires more than eight days.

New Jersey is the only state to require that city/transit bus drivers possess a driver's license for three years prior to working. Only eight states have any such requirement, and New Jersey's is the longest. Most states and the District of Columbia require only tests, fees and a minimum age. Animal control officers are required to pay $749 in fees, the highest fee among the 17 states that license the occupation; average fees are $116. School sports coaches must be licensed teachers, which requires earning a four-year degree. Only three other states require anything close to that; the national average is 254 days.

To encourage employment opportunities in these low- and moderate-income occupations, New Jersey could drastically reduce the higher burdens or eliminate some licenses all together.

Licensing Requirements

Burden RankOccupationNumber of States that LicenseFeesEducation/Experience (Days)ExamsMinimum GradeMinimum Age
1 Athletic Trainer 46 370 1,460 1 12 18
2 Preschool Teacher 49 190 1,460 1 0 0
3 Coach (School Sports) 24 0 1,460 0 0 0
4 Locksmith 13 228 1,176 1 12 18
5 School Bus Driver 51 171 1,095 6 0 21
6 Bus Driver (City/Transit) 51 169 1,095 5 0 21
7 Earth Driller 47 50 1,095 1 12 0
8 Optician 22 25 857 2 12 0
9 Court Clerk 4 50 754 1 12 21
10 Cathodic Protection Tester 16 1500 738 2 0 0
11 Midwife 29 125 730 1 0 18
12 Child Care Worker 33 0 730 0 0 0
13 Cosmetologist 51 110 280 2 12 17
13 Barber 50 110 280 2 12 17
15 Skin Care Specialist 50 110 140 2 12 17
15 Makeup Artist 36 110 140 2 12 17
17 Manicurist 50 110 70 2 12 0
18 Massage Therapist 39 270 117 1 0 0
19 Crane Operator 18 415 0 3 0 18
20 Truck Driver 51 167 0 4 0 18
21 Animal Control Officer 17 749 10 0 0 18
22 Emergency Medical Technician 51 70 28 2 0 18
23 Teacher Assistant 29 115 0 1 12 0
24 Gaming Supervisor 23 750 0 0 0 0
25 Security Guard 37 153 5 0 0 18
26 Taxi Driver/Chauffeur 12 73 0 0 0 21
27 Vegetation Pesticide Handler 51 175 10 2 0 0
27 Pest Control Applicator 51 175 10 2 0 0
29 Milk Sampler 34 0 0 2 0 0
30 Gaming Dealer 24 350 0 0 0 0
30 Gaming Cage Worker 22 350 0 0 0 0
32 Fisher 41 102 0 0 0 0
33 Slot Key Person 21 95 0 0 0 0
34 Terrazzo Contractor (Residential) 8 90 0 0 0 0
34 Sheet Metal Contractor (Residential) 7 90 0 0 0 0
34 Floor Sander Contractor (Residential) 9 90 0 0 0 0
34 Painting Contractor (Residential) 10 90 0 0 0 0
34 Carpenter/Cabinet Maker (Residential) 10 90 0 0 0 0
34 Glazier Contractor (Residential) 9 90 0 0 0 0
34 Cement Finishing Contractor (Residential) 9 90 0 0 0 0
34 Mason Contractor (Residential) 10 90 0 0 0 0
34 Insulation Contractor (Residential) 10 90 0 0 0 0
34 Door Repair Contractor 35 90 0 0 0 0
34 Drywall Installation Contractor (Residential) 9 90 0 0 0 0
34 Iron/Steel Contractor (Residential) 11 90 0 0 0 0
46 Animal Trainer 20 50 0 0 0 0
47 Animal Breeder 26 18 0 0 0 0
48 HVAC Contractor (General/Commercial) 40 0 0 0 0 0

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