License to Work: A National Study of Burdens from Occupational Licensing
52 out of 102 moderate-income occupations licensed
12th most burdensome licensing laws
9th most extensively and onerously licensed state
(Last updated April 24, 2012)
As the ninth most broadly and onerously licensed state with the 12th most burdensome licensing laws, New Mexico has higher barriers for more occupations than most states. Fifty two of the 102 low- to moderate-income occupations studied are licensed in New Mexico. Their average requirements are $158 in fees, 413 days lost to education and experience and one exam.
New Mexico's most burdensome occupations are in construction. The state requires a two-year apprenticeship to become a general contractor. New Mexico is one among only a third of the licensed states that require any experience to work as a commercial or general contractor in this field. New Mexico also charges between $168 and $318 in fees to be licensed in the construction trades.
The state also has above-average education or experience requirements for other occupations. For example, aspiring pest control applicators and vegetation pesticide handlers lose two years to experience before receiving a license. Thirty two states have no experience requirement for pest control applicators, and 39 states have none for vegetation pesticide handlers. Fire and security alarm installers lose two years to experience, compared to averages of less than a year-and-a half among the 34 states that require licenses.
New Mexico can improve job opportunities in these and other low- to moderate-income occupations by reducing or removing excessive or needless barriers to entry.