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Oregon

License to Work: A National Study of Burdens from Occupational Licensing

License to Work: A National Study of Burdens from Occupational Licensing

Highlights

59 out of 102 moderate-income occupations licensed
6th most burdensome licensing laws
3rd most extensively and onerously licensed state

(Last updated April 24, 2012)

Summary

Oregon is the third most broadly and onerously licensed state, placing it in the top tier just below Arizona and California. Oregon licenses 59 of the 102 low- to moderate income occupations studied, more than all but three states. On average, these barriers cost $267 in fees, 568 days lost to education and experience and one exam -- the sixth most burdensome licensing laws.

Oregon ranks so poorly because of its licensing of the construction occupations. Oregon requires four years of experience plus a short course in 15 of the 27 contractor occupations it licenses, mainly for commercial work. For most of these occupations, about 20 states do not even require a license, and around 19 of the 30 that do require no experience at all. By contrast, Oregon's residential contractors have no experience requirement and need only take a short course.

The state has above-average fees and training requirements in numerous other occupations. For example, the state charges $2,100 in fees to become a licensed midwife and $900 to become an athletic trainer, while the average across the states is only $619 and $443, respectively. Aspiring fire alarm installers lose nearly four years to experience, but 18 of the 34 licensed states do not require any experience. Oregon is one of only eight states to require that city/transit bus drivers possess a driver's license for one year (or longer) prior to working. Most states and the District of Columbia require only tests, fees and a minimum age. Oregon is one of only four states to license cross-connection survey inspectors, and its requirements far exceed any other state, with $415 in fees and five years of training.

Reducing or eliminating these and other barriers to entry could help Oregon improve job prospects for its low-income workers.

Licensing Requirements

Burden RankOccupationNumber of States that LicenseFeesEducation/Experience (Days)ExamsMinimum GradeMinimum Age
1 Cross-connection Survey Inspector 4 415 1,834 2 12 18
2 Preschool Teacher 49 162 1,825 2 0 18
3 Athletic Trainer 46 900 1,460 2 0 18
4 Fire Alarm Installer 34 50 1,400 1 12 0
5 Mason Contractor (General/Commercial) 29 345 1,462 1 0 18
5 Sheet Metal Contractor (General/Commercial) 28 345 1,462 1 0 18
5 Floor Sander Contractor (General/Commercial) 29 345 1,462 1 0 18
5 Terrazzo Contractor (General/Commercial) 29 345 1,462 1 0 18
5 Glazier Contractor (General/Commercial) 30 345 1,462 1 0 18
5 Insulation Contractor (General/Commercial) 29 345 1,462 1 0 18
5 Cement Finishing Contractor (General/Commercial) 29 345 1,462 1 0 18
5 Drywall Installation Contractor (General/Commercial) 30 345 1,462 1 0 18
5 Painting Contractor (General/Commercial) 28 345 1,462 1 0 18
5 Carpenter/Cabinet Maker Contractor (General/Commercial) 30 345 1,462 1 0 18
5 Paving Equipment Operator Contractor 27 345 1,462 1 0 18
5 HVAC Contractor (General/Commercial) 40 345 1,462 1 0 18
5 Pipelayer Contractor 29 345 1,462 1 0 18
5 Door Repair Contractor 35 345 1,462 1 0 18
19 Iron/Steel Contractor (General/Commercial) 31 325 1,462 1 0 18
20 Midwife 29 2100 730 1 0 0
21 Veterinary Technologist 37 155 730 2 0 0
22 Security Alarm Installer 34 50 730 1 0 0
23 School Bus Driver 51 239 367 6 0 18
24 Bus Driver (City/Transit) 51 229 365 5 0 18
25 Truck Driver 51 155 365 4 0 18
26 Earth Driller 47 170 365 1 0 18
27 Mobile Home Installer 39 55 374 1 0 0
28 Cosmetologist 51 90 338 2 0 0
29 Barber 50 73 257 2 0 0
30 Backflow Prevention Assembly Tester 18 70 9 2 12 0
31 Manicurist 50 98 140 2 0 0
32 Skin Care Specialist 50 73 117 2 0 0
32 Makeup Artist 36 73 117 2 0 0
34 Emergency Medical Technician 51 70 35 2 0 18
35 Mason Contractor (Residential) 10 345 2 1 0 18
35 Drywall Installation Contractor (Residential) 9 345 2 1 0 18
35 Cement Finishing Contractor (Residential) 9 345 2 1 0 18
35 HVAC Contractor (Residential) 5 345 2 1 0 18
35 Carpenter/Cabinet Maker (Residential) 10 345 2 1 0 18
35 Painting Contractor (Residential) 10 345 2 1 0 18
35 Sheet Metal Contractor (Residential) 7 345 2 1 0 18
35 Terrazzo Contractor (Residential) 8 345 2 1 0 18
35 Floor Sander Contractor (Residential) 9 345 2 1 0 18
35 Insulation Contractor (Residential) 10 345 2 1 0 18
35 Glazier Contractor (Residential) 9 345 2 1 0 18
46 Iron/Steel Contractor (Residential) 11 325 2 1 0 18
47 Vegetation Pesticide Handler 51 50 0 2 0 18
47 Pest Control Applicator 51 50 0 2 0 18
49 Milk Sampler 34 25 0 2 0 18
50 Bartender 13 58 0 1 0 21
51 Security Guard 37 100 0 0 0 18
52 Animal Trainer 20 30 0 0 0 18
53 Landscape Worker 10 135 0 1 0 0
54 Bill Collector Agency 30 350 0 0 0 0
55 Coach (School Sports) 24 65 1 1 0 0
56 Fisher 41 250 0 0 0 0
57 Farm Labor Contractor 9 100 0 0 0 0
58 Travel Guide 21 50 0 0 0 0
59 Taxidermist 26 6 0 0 0 0

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