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South Dakota

License to Work: A National Study of Burdens from Occupational Licensing

License to Work: A National Study of Burdens from Occupational Licensing

Highlights

28 out of 102 moderate-income occupations licensed
22nd most burdensome licensing laws
48th most extensively and onerously licensed state

(Last updated April 24, 2012)

Summary

South Dakota is the 48th most broadly and onerously licensed state, just above Indiana, Colorado and Wyoming. However, it has the 22nd most burdensome licensing laws, requiring, on average, $166 in fees, 271 days -- about nine months -- of education and experience and two exams. The state only licenses 28 of the 102 low- to moderate-income occupations studied, which accounts for its low overall ranking.

The state has several occupations with above-average barriers to entry. For example, a cosmetologist must pay $80 in fees, spend 490 days in training and pass three exams -- the most burdensome requirements for cosmetologists in the nation. Title examiners are licensed in only six states at an average fee of $269, but South Dakota charges $800 in fees. Aspiring mobile home installers lose two years to experience in South Dakota, while the average in other states is 245 days. Barbers lose nearly two years to education and experience while the national average is just 416 days.

Though South Dakota is among the better states in terms of licensing, it could help its low- to moderate-income workers with job prospects by reducing or removing such barriers.

Licensing Requirements

Burden RankOccupationNumber of States that LicenseFeesEducation/Experience (Days)ExamsMinimum GradeMinimum Age
1 Earth Driller 47 200 1,825 1 0 0
2 Athletic Trainer 46 400 1,460 1 0 0
3 Barber 50 200 715 3 10 18
4 Veterinary Technologist 37 210 730 2 12 0
5 Social and Human Service Assistant 7 345 730 1 0 0
6 Mobile Home Installer 39 100 730 1 0 0
7 Cosmetologist 51 80 490 3 12 18
8 Preschool Teacher 49 15 365 2 0 0
9 Skin Care Specialist 50 80 140 3 12 18
9 Makeup Artist 36 80 140 3 12 18
11 School Bus Driver 51 125 1 6 0 18
12 Massage Therapist 39 165 117 1 0 0
13 Sign Language Interpreter 16 735 2 3 0 0
14 Manicurist 50 75 93 2 0 0
15 Bus Driver (City/Transit) 51 115 0 5 0 16
16 Truck Driver 51 105 0 4 0 16
17 Title Examiner 6 800 0 1 0 0
18 Emergency Medical Technician 51 70 26 2 0 18
19 Gaming Supervisor 23 100 0 0 0 21
19 Gaming Dealer 24 100 0 0 0 21
19 Gaming Cage Worker 22 100 0 0 0 21
19 Slot Key Person 21 100 0 0 0 21
23 Auctioneer 33 245 19 1 0 0
24 Child Care Worker 33 0 5 0 0 14
25 Pest Control Applicator 51 25 0 2 0 0
25 Vegetation Pesticide Handler 51 25 0 2 0 0
27 Milk Sampler 34 50 0 1 0 0
28 Taxidermist 26 15 0 0 0 0

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