Man convicted of 1989 murder learns, years later, that his appointed counsel was virulently racist. (To cite but one example, counsel referred to one of his clients as a “nigger” who “got what he deserved”—a death sentence, later overturned.) Man: I have a Sixth Amendment right to effective counsel, which I didn’t get. I should get a new trial. Ninth Circuit: No. You didn’t show his racism adversely affected his performance. All three judges, concurring in their own judgment: We think an attorney who shows contempt and indifference to a minority client is not providing competent representation. Unfortunately, we’re bound by Ninth Circuit precedent.