Rensselaer County, N.Y. officer, Officer A, illegally accesses a confidential law enforcement database to stalk his ex-girlfriend’s new paramour. Officer B (the ex-girlfriend’s brother) reports Officer A’s crime, triggering threats and reprisals from A and other gov’t officials. Officer B sues for First Amendment retaliation. Second Circuit (over a dissent): It’s only illegal retaliation if Officer A’s crime was “a matter of public concern,” and how could any of the retaliators have known whether it was? So qualified immunity for everyone.