The lynchpin of a Michigan murder conviction was a pawnbroker’s claim that, on the day of the murder, the defendant pawned a ring belonging to the victim. But the pawnbroker didn’t testify. He died before trial, so police testified about what he had said. Sixth Circuit. New trial. This evidence mattered to the jury, but the defendant had no opportunity to cross-examine the pawnbroker. That violates the Confrontation Clause.