Allegation: Cecil County, Md. officer pulls over woman with dwarfism, who stands 4’6″, simply for making eye contact; he’s enraged when she declines to roll down her window the whole way. Thinking he’s about to break her window, she drives slowly to a well-lit area, but another officer cuts her off. They drag her out of the car and throw her on the pavement, breaking her arm. A search yields no contraband. (She’s convicted in state court of “obstructing and hindering.”) District court: A jury might think the officers acted with malice or gross negligence.