United States v. Warfield

Ohio state trooper pulls over African-American motorist because he was driving under the speed limit (less than a mile after exiting a reduced-speed construction zone) and because the wheel of his car touched a lane marking. After a sobriety test and drug-doggie sniff turn up nothing illegal, a search of the car reveals some counterfeit gift cards. Sixth Circuit: Suppress the evidence. “While the law allows pretextual stops based on minor traffic violations, no traffic law prohibits driving while black.”

Tags: 2018, Fourth Amendment, Police, Searches and Seizures, Sixth Circuit

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