At the close of the Civil War, some 4 million slaves became free. But almost immediately after hostilities ceased, leaders in the ex-Confederate states began to impose a series of laws, the Black Codes, that re-instituted slavery in all but name. Just as swiftly, a wave of terrorist violence swept across the South, targeting blacks seeking education, economic independence, and a voice in civic and political life—and also whites with Union sympathies. In Washington, D.C., Republican leaders grappled with another problem: When the Southern states rejoined the Union, they would do so with more political power than they’d enjoyed prior to secession—the consequence of each African-American now counting as five-fifths, rather than three-fifths, of a person.

On Episode Two of Bound By Oath, the fight for the 14th Amendment, which nearly plunged the country into war, again.

Click here for transcript. Available on iTunesSpotify, Google Podcasts, TuneIn, and Stitcher.

Guests

Daniel Harawa, NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund

Aderson Francois, Georgetown Law

Kurt Lash, University of Richmond School of Law

Gerard Magliocca, Indiana University Robert H. McKinney School of Law

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