At the close of the Civil War, some 4 million slaves became free. But almost immediately after hostilities ceased, leaders in the ex-Confederate states began to impose a series of laws, the Black Codes, that re-instituted slavery in all but name. Just as swiftly, a wave of terrorist violence swept across the South, targeting blacks seeking education, economic independence, and a voice in civic and political life—and also whites with Union sympathies. In Washington, D.C., Republican leaders grappled with another problem: When the Southern states rejoined the Union, they would do so with more political power than they’d enjoyed prior to secession—the consequence of each African-American now counting as five-fifths, rather than three-fifths, of a person.
March 23, 2023
Short Circuit 264 | Evicting Innocent People
Can a city get a renter evicted for a crime they didn’t commit? Unfortunately, in over 2,000 cities across the country the answer is yes. […]Read More
March 14, 2023
Short Circuit 263 | A Three Hour Tour
A nostalgic tale of judicial engagement where we examine whether recess is a crime and whether it’s fine for the government to follow your every […]Read More
March 08, 2023
Short Circuit 262 | Shielded
A special Short Circuit Live at Georgetown University hosts Joanna Schwartz of UCLA to discuss her book Shielded: How the Police Became Untouchable. And not […]Read More
March 02, 2023
Short Circuit 261 | Live at Southern Methodist University!
Short Circuit speaks with the law students at SMU in our first visit to The Big D. With Anya Bidwell as your host, she introduces […]Read More