Michigan's combined GPA from its circuit and state grades is 2.28, earning it a C.

The state is in the Sixth Circuit, which earns a B- for its qualified immunity decisions under federal law. Under state law, Michigan earns a C- for its immunity and accountability practices.

What law is "clearly established" in Michigan?
Use the tools below to find cases that could defeat qualified immunity:

Civil Right Affected

Select one.

Potential Violations

Select all applicable.

Detailed Violations

Select all applicable, if any.


Do you know of a case that you think should be included? Submit the case here.

The Institute for Justice provides the information on this website for informational and educational purposes only. It does not and should not be relied on as legal advice. Information on this website may not be the most up-to-date, and it does not account for the individual facts of your situation. If you have questions about your situation, we recommend contacting a licensed attorney in your jurisdiction.