Dr. Dick Carpenter is a senior director of strategic research at the Institute for Justice. He works with IJ staff and attorneys to define, implement and manage social science research related to the Institute’s mission. His work has appeared in academic journals such as Economic Development Quarterly, Criminal Justice Policy Review, Economic Affairs, Journal of Entrepreneurship and Public Policy, The Forum, Fordham Urban Law Journal, International Journal of Ethics, Education and Urban Society, Urban Studies, and Regulation and Governance. His research results have also been quoted in such newspapers as the New York Times, Washington Post and Wall Street Journal. Carpenter’s research for IJ has resulted in reports including License to Work: A National Study of Burdens from Occupational Licensing, 2nd ed.; The Price of Taxation By Citation: Case Studies of Three Georgia Cities That Rely Heavily On Fines and Fees; Upwardly Mobile: Street Vending and the American Dream; Seize First, Question Later: The IRS and Civil Forfeiture; and Victimizing the Vulnerable: The Demographics of Eminent Domain Abuse. He is also co-author of the book Bottleneckers: Gaming the Government for Power and Private Profit.
Kyle Sweetland is a researcher at the Institute for Justice, where he provides research and analysis on issues central to the Institute’s mission. He is a co-author of IJ’s The Price of Taxation by Citation and License to Work: A National Study of Burdens from Occupational Licensing, 2nd ed. His work has appeared in academic journals such as Economic Affairs, Journal of Entrepreneurship and Public Policy, and Criminal Justice Policy Review, as well as in Spotlight on Poverty and Opportunity. Prior to joining IJ, Sweetland participated in the Young Leaders Program at The Heritage Foundation. He holds a bachelor’s in business economics and public policy from Indiana University Southeast.
The report benefitted greatly from the contributions of colleagues. Anthony Ward completed all the primary data collection and performed a preliminary analysis. Anthony Laudadio and Alec Mena assisted with data checking. Scott Bullock, Dana Berliner, Arif Panju, Justin Pearson, Kirby West and Christina Walsh provided substantive review of the report’s content. Nathalie Walker created the delicious report design. Mindy Menjou honed our text into readable prose and shepherded the report through production. Lisa Knepper reviewed project materials throughout, imparting sage direction. Finally, Robert Frommer applied his food truck knowledge and expertise from beginning to end of this project by reviewing proposals and drafts, answering questions, and contextualizing results. To all, we thank you.