How can the government encourage us to keep our trees? In all kinds of ways, but not through mandating the replanting of trees regardless of the landowner’s mitigation efforts. At least that’s what Wesley Hottot reports the Sixth Circuit said last week. There’s also a little excessive fines talk, which is worth your time as Wesley is kind of “the excessive fines guy.” He’s also a birdwatcher, which comes in handy in this tree case. Meanwhile, there’s some trouble on the sidewalks of New York, especially as it relates to a federal statute protecting “places of worship.” Dan Rankin of IJ tells us the Second Circuit thinks that might be many locations, but not a sidewalk. There’s also some Commerce Clause talk and what’s a “substantial effect” on commerce these days.