Appendix B: Results

This appendix presents detailed findings from the analyses described in Appendix A. Table B1 presents descriptive statistics from each of the occupation-state comparisons. 

Table B1: Descriptive Statistics of Yelp Ratings for Each Occupation-State Comparison

Lower Burden/UnlicensedHigher Burden/Licensed
OccupationStateMeanSDStateMeanSD
BarberNJ4.01.1PA4.21.0
CosmetologistNY4.00.7CT3.80.8
CosmetologistNY4.30.5NJ4.00.7
Interior DesignerCA4.01.4NV4.40.9
LocksmithPA4.21.3NJ3.91.5
ManicuristCT3.60.8MA3.40.9
ManicuristCT3.40.7NY3.20.8
Tree trimmerNV4.31.1CA4.31.0
Tree trimmerVA4.21.0MD3.71.5

Tables B2 through B10 provide detailed regression results for each of the occupation-state comparisons. County fixed effects are omitted from the tables. Robust standard errors are used throughout.

Table B2: Barbers in Less Burdensome New Jersey and More Burdensome Pennsylvania

CoeffSEtp
NJ0.0470.1210.3900.697
Distance-0.0070.012-0.6200.532
Household Income0.0000.000-1.2800.202
Population0.0000.000-1.5800.114
Education0.6960.2922.3900.017
Intercept4.3400.17524.8700.000
n = 623; R2 = 0.04

Table B3: Cosmetologists in Less Burdensome New York and More Burdensome New Jersey

CoeffSEtp
NJ-0.0480.147-0.3300.741
Distance-0.0040.022-0.1700.864
Household Income0.0000.000-1.3400.182
Education0.2640.1162.2900.022
Population0.0000.000-2.6500.008
Intercept4.1410.10638.9400.000
n = 1,257; R2 = 0.09

Table B4: Cosmetologists in Less Burdensome New York and More Burdensome Connecticut

CoeffSEtp
CT-0.2790.162-1.7200.089
Distance-0.0040.058-0.0800.940
Household Income0.0000.0000.2500.801
Education0.9790.4712.0800.041
Population0.0000.000-0.1900.852
Intercept3.2510.5366.0700.000
n = 93; R2 = 0.11

Table B5: Interior Designers in Unlicensed California and Licensed Nevada

CoeffSEtp
CA-0.5840.415-1.4100.163
Distance0.0040.0100.4500.653
Household Income0.0000.000-0.9500.342
Population0.0000.0001.2200.224
Education-0.9651.450-0.6700.508
Intercept5.0330.45211.1500.000
n = 95; R2 = 0.09

Table B6: Locksmiths in Unlicensed Pennsylvania and Licensed New Jersey 


CoeffSEtp
PA0.4650.2981.5600.120
Distance0.0070.0820.0800.936
Household Income0.0000.0000.1600.872
Population0.0000.0001.3600.176
Education-1.1630.765-1.5200.130
Intercept3.7770.37310.1300.000
n = 191; R2 = 0.07

Table B7: Manicurists in Unlicensed Connecticut and Licensed Massachusetts

CoeffSEtp
MA-0.0130.231-0.0500.957
Distance-0.0060.027-0.2100.837
Household Income0.0000.0001.0000.318
Population0.0000.000-0.7900.434
Education-1.4041.135-1.2400.219
Intercept4.4870.5278.5200.000
n = 89; R2 = 0.08

Table B8: Manicurists in Unlicensed Connecticut and Licensed New York

CoeffSEtp
NY-0.1030.083-1.2300.218
Distance-0.0050.011-0.4700.640
Household Income0.0000.000-0.1200.908
Population0.0000.0000.5900.556
Education0.2560.3410.7500.453
Intercept3.2540.19616.6000.000
n = 405; R2 = 0.01

Table B9: Tree Trimmers in Unlicensed Nevada and Licensed California

CoeffSEtp
NV-0.3110.534-0.5800.562
Distance-0.0030.006-0.4100.681
Household Income0.0000.000-0.1100.916
Population0.0000.000-0.4300.669
Education-0.3811.058-0.3600.719
Intercept4.4870.43710.2700.000
n = 114; R2 = 0.01

Table B10: Tree Trimmers in Unlicensed Virginia and Licensed Maryland 

CoeffSEtp
VA1.1500.4302.6700.009
Distance0.0270.0550.4900.623
Household Income0.0000.0000.6200.535
Population0.0000.000-0.4300.667
Education-0.3481.284-0.2700.787
Intercept3.5560.6595.3900.000
n = 87; R2 = 0.11