New IJ Civil Rights Tool Tips the Scales Toward Government Accountability 

Lisa Bergstrom
Lisa Bergstrom  ·  October 1, 2022

Readers of Liberty & Law know all too well that if you sue a government official for violating your rights, you’ll often need to overcome qualified immunity—a judge-made legal doctrine that shields officials of all kinds from accountability—as well as other barriers to accountability under state laws. These doctrines rig the system in favor of government agents and, when combined with the already formidable resources of the government, mean many victims of government abuse never even get their day in court. 

Enter Constitutional GPA: IJ’s new interactive online tool aimed at leveling the playing field between the government and those seeking to vindicate constitutional rights. Constitutional GPA grades state courts and federal courts of appeals on their immunity practices and is a powerful, first-of-its-kind tool that ordinary people and attorneys can use to identify the clearly established law necessary to defeat qualified immunity in their case. For example, if a government agent in Nevada searches a person’s car without justification, the person or their attorney can, by answering just a few simple questions, easily search our database of more than 2,300 cases to find 11 legal decisions clearly establishing a range of relevant constitutional violations. 

After a year and a half of research and analysis, IJ unveiled Constitutional GPA with a special event at the UCLA School of Law in July. Participants enjoyed a walkthrough of the tool and its findings as well as a Q&A with one of IJ’s newest clients seeking to overcome government immunity: René Quiñonez, who is suing five postal inspection workers for baselessly seizing and searching packages he shipped to fulfill orders for his busy screen-printing business (read more). The launch ended with a live taping of IJ’s Short Circuit podcast featuring a panel of civil rights lawyers and law professors. 

Constitutional GPA is part of IJ’s Project on Immunity and Accountability, which is dedicated to overturning qualified immunity and other legal doctrines that place government workers above the law. You can access Constitutional GPA at

Lisa Bergstrom is IJ’s digital communications manager. 

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