Utah

64 of 102 lower-income occupations licensed
13th most burdensome licensing requirements
15th most widely and onerously licensed occupation

Utah licenses more lower-income occupations than average—64 of the 102 studied here—and its laws are the 13th most burdensome. On average, Utah law requires $367 in fees, 504 days of education and experience, and roughly two exams to enter a licensed occupation. Utah ranks as the 15th most broadly and onerously licensed state, leaving much room for improvement.

Utah frequently licenses occupations that are unlicensed by most other states, such as upholsterers (licensed by nine other states), crane operators (17 others), commercial floor sander contractors (21 others) and commercial painting contractors (21 others). The latter two contractor occupations also face particularly steep burdens in Utah: an estimated 733 days lost to education and experience (20 hours of education and two years of experience), $549 in fees, and two exams. By comparison, the average requirements for these occupations in states that license them comprise fewer than 500 days of education and experience, less than $400 in fees, and around one exam. Given that so few states see fit to license commercial floor sander and painting contractors at all, Utah’s requirements appear particularly heavy-handed.

Utah also imposes burdens on some occupations that seem excessive compared to those for other occupations that may have a stronger connection to public safety. Fifty of Utah’s 64 occupational licenses, including all of its commercial and residential contractor licenses as well as its licenses for barbers, cosmetologists, manicurists and massage therapists, are more difficult to obtain than the state’s EMT license. For example, while cosmetologists need more than a year of education (an estimated 373 days or 1,600 hours), EMTs need only about a month (an estimated 28 days or 120 hours). Utah could improve its rankings by reducing or repealing heavy licensing burdens for lower-income occupations, or—if government regulation is necessary—by replacing them with less restrictive regulatory alternatives.

Burden Rank Occupation Fees Estimated Calendar Days Lost Education Experience Exams Minimum Grade Minimum Age
1 Athletic Trainer $370 1460 4 years - 1 0 0
2 Midwife, Direct Entry $1100 1095 3 years - 1 12 0
3 Security Alarm Installer $599 1099 22 clock hours 3 years 3 0 0
4 Earth Driller, Water Well $350 730 - 2 years 5 0 21
5 Carpenter/Cabinet Maker Contractor (Commercial) $549* 733* 20 clock hours* 2 years* 2* 0 0
5 Carpenter/Cabinet Maker Contractor (Residential) $549* 733* 20 clock hours* 2 years* 2* 0 0
5 Cement Finishing Contractor (Commercial) $549* 733* 20 clock hours* 2 years* 2* 0 0
5 Cement Finishing Contractor (Residential) $549* 733* 20 clock hours* 2 years* 2* 0 0
5 Door Repair Contractor (Commercial) $549* 733* 20 clock hours* 2 years* 2* 0 0
5 Door Repair Contractor (Residential) $549* 733* 20 clock hours* 2 years* 2* 0 0
5 Drywall Installation Contractor (Commercial) $549* 733* 20 clock hours* 2 years* 2* 0 0
5 Drywall Installation Contractor (Residential) $549* 733* 20 clock hours* 2 years* 2* 0 0
5 Floor Sander Contractor (Commercial) $549* 733* 20 clock hours* 2 years* 2* 0 0
5 Floor Sander Contractor (Residential) $549* 733* 20 clock hours* 2 years* 2* 0 0
5 Glazier Contractor (Commercial) $549* 733* 20 clock hours* 2 years* 2* 0 0
5 HVAC Contractor (Commercial) $549* 733* 20 clock hours* 2 years* 2* 0 0
5 HVAC Contractor (Residential) $549* 733* 20 clock hours* 2 years* 2* 0 0
5 Insulation Contractor (Commercial) $549* 733* 20 clock hours* 2 years* 2* 0 0
5 Insulation Contractor (Residential) $549* 733* 20 clock hours* 2 years* 2* 0 0
5 Mason Contractor (Commercial) $549* 733* 20 clock hours* 2 years* 2* 0 0
5 Mason Contractor (Residential) $549* 733* 20 clock hours* 2 years* 2* 0 0
5 Mobile Home Installer $549* 733* 20 clock hours* 2 years* 2* 0 0
5 Painting Contractor (Commercial) $549* 733* 20 clock hours* 2 years* 2* 0 0
5 Painting Contractor (Residential) $549* 733* 20 clock hours* 2 years* 2* 0 0
5 Pipelayer Contractor $549* 733* 20 clock hours* 2 years* 2* 0 0
26 Glazier Contractor (Residential) $549* 733* 20 clock hours* 2 years* 1* 0 0
27 Iron/Steel Contractor (Commercial) $354* 733* 20 clock hours* 2 years* 2* 0 0
27 Iron/Steel Contractor (Residential) $354* 733* 20 clock hours* 2 years* 2* 0 0
27 Sheet Metal Contractor, HVAC (Commercial) $354* 733* 20 clock hours* 2 years* 2* 0 0
27 Sheet Metal Contractor, HVAC (Residential) $354* 733* 20 clock hours* 2 years* 2* 0 0
27 Sheet Metal Contractor, Other (Commercial) $354* 733* 20 clock hours* 2 years* 2* 0 0
27 Sheet Metal Contractor, Other (Residential) $354* 733* 20 clock hours* 2 years* 2* 0 0
33 Paving Contractor (Commercial) $477* 733* 20 clock hours* 2 years* 1* 0 0
33 Paving Contractor (Residential) $477* 733* 20 clock hours* 2 years* 1* 0 0
33 Terrazzo Contractor (Commercial) $477* 733* 20 clock hours* 2 years* 1* 0 0
33 Terrazzo Contractor (Residential) $477* 733* 20 clock hours* 2 years* 1* 0 0
37 Landscape Contractor (Commercial) $589* 733* 20 clock hours* 2 years* 0 0 0
37 Landscape Contractor (Residential) $589* 733* 20 clock hours* 2 years* 0 0 0
39 School Bus Driver $114 365 - 1 years 6 0 21
40 Bus Driver, City/Transit $107 365 - 1 years 5 0 21
41 Truck Driver, Tractor-Trailer $100 365 - 1 years 5 0 18
42 Truck Driver, Other $100 365 - 1 years 4 0 18
43 Cosmetologist $234 373 1600 clock hours - 2 0 0
44 Pharmacy Technician $229 140 - 600 clock hours 2 12 0
45 Barber $234 233 1000 clock hours - 2 0 0
45 Shampooer $234 233 1000 clock hours - 2 0 0
47 Massage Therapist $295 140 600 clock hours - 1 0 18
48 Travel Guide $237 140 - 100 days 1 0 18
49 Skin Care Specialist $234 140 600 clock hours - 2 0 0
50 Manicurist $234 70 300 clock hours - 2 0 0
51 Emergency Medical Technician $195 28 120 clock hours - 2 0 18
52 Crane Operator $225 0 - - 2 0 18
53 Interpreter, Sign Language $210 0 - - 2 0 18
54 Pest Control Applicator $140 0 - - 2 0 16
54 Vegetation Pesticide Applicator $140 0 - - 2 0 16
56 Taxi Driver/Chauffeur $25 0 - - 1 0 21
57 Bartender $0 1 3 clock hours - 1 0 21
58 Child Care Home, Family $83 0 - 2.5 clock hours 0 0 18
59 Security Guard, Unarmed $100 4 24 clock hours - 1 0 0
60 Fisher, Commercial $150 0 - - 0 0 0
61 Upholsterer $65 0 - - 0 0 0
62 Coach, Head (High School Sports) $40 1 4.5 clock hours - 0 0 0
63 Milk Sampler $40 0 - - 0 0 0
64 Bill Collection Agency $32 0 - - 0 0 0