Milwaukee Taxis

Ghaleb Ibrahim v. City Of Milwaukee
Challenging Milwaukee’s Unconstitutional Taxicab Law

Ghaleb Ibrahim taxi driver

IJ Client Ghaleb Ibrahim

Private companies cannot use governmental power to outlaw competition, yet this is what the city of Milwaukee did for its established taxi cartel.

Until the Institute for Justice won its lawsuit against the city, Milwaukee allowed only 321 taxicabs on its streets—almost half of which are owned by a single owner.  That is about one cab for every 1,850 residents, one of the highest ratios in the country.  This cap on taxi permits sent permit costs skyrocketing, from $85 to $150,000—putting the dream of owning a taxi business out of most people’s reach.

Ghaleb Ibrahim is a Milwaukee entrepreneur who simply wants to own and drive his own taxicab.  He has the means to operate safe and insured taxis, but the cap on the number of cabs meant his dream could not become a reality.  If he wanted to drive a cab he had to do it for someone else at a hefty rental price.

It did not have to be that way.  Ghaleb and two other taxi drivers sued the city, and in April 2013 a Milwaukee County judge struck down Milwaukee’s taxicab cap as unconstitutional under the Wisconsin Constitution.  The city then increased the number of cabs by 100, providing more transportation options for Milwaukee residents.  And, the city is now considering lifting the cap altogether, fully implementing the judge’s order.


Essential Background


Background on this case

Client Photo

Latest Release: Milwaukee’s Common Council Allows 100 More Taxis on City Streets (November 26, 2013)

Client Video

Video: Rally and press conference before the summary judgement hearing (April 16, 2013)

Launch Release: Milwaukee Cab Drivers Join Forces with IJ In Major Legal Challenge to City’s Unconstitutional Taxicab Law (September 26, 2011)

Legal Briefs and Decisions

Compaint (Filed September 27, 2011)

Court ruling (April 16, 2013)

Case Timeline

Filed Lawsuit:


September 27, 2011

Court Filed:

Circuit Court of Milwaukee County, Wisconsin


Victory in Circuit Court!  Judge rules cap on taxicabs unconstitutional

Additional Releases

Maps, Charts and Facts

Release: Court Orders Milwaukee to Cease Enforcing Cap on Taxi Cabs (May 30, 2013)

Five Things to Know

Release: Court Breaks Open Milwaukee’s Taxi Cartel (April 16, 2013) Institute for Justice City Study: Unhappy Days for Milwaukee Entrepreneurs

Op-eds, News Articles and Links

Release: Cab Drivers Suspended for Free Speech (November 2, 2012) Article, Video: Court orders Milwaukee to cease enforcing cap on taxi cabs FOX 6 (May 30, 2013)
Release: State Assembly Vote Could Make Milwaukee’s Bad Taxi System Worse  Legislation Would Allow a New York City-style Medallion System (February 17, 2012)  Editorial: Lift the cap on permits Milwaukee Journal Sentinel (September 28, 2011)
Audio: Lawsuit Challenges Taxi Permit Cap; WUWM - Milwaukee Public Media (September 28, 2011)
Article: Cab drivers to sue Milwaukee over limit on permits Milwaukee Journal Sentinel (September 26, 2011)

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