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Connecticut

License to Work: A National Study of Burdens from Occupational Licensing

License to Work: A National Study of Burdens from Occupational Licensing

Highlights

54 out of 102 moderate-income occupations licensed
39th most burdensome licensing laws
15th most extensively and onerously licensed state

(Last updated April 24, 2012)

Summary

Connecticut's licensing laws are only the 39th most burdensome in the nation. However, the state licenses so many low- and moderate-income occupations -- 54 of the 102 studied -- that Connecticut ranks as the 15th most broadly and onerously licensed state, placing it firmly within the second tier of states. Of the 54 occupations licensed in Connecticut, 16 are licensed in fewer than half of the other states. On average, those aspiring to Connecticut's licensed occupations must pay $173 in fees, lose 230 days to education and experience requirements and pass one examination prior to receiving a license.

Though Connecticut's occupational licensing regime is among the least burdensome in the country, it places above-average education and experience requirements on several occupations. Of the 18 states that license crane operators, for example, 12 do not have an education and experience requirement. Aspiring crane operators in Connecticut, however, must train for two years before receiving a license. Commercial sheet metal workers in Connecticut lose 933 days to education and experience requirements compared to a national average of 507 in that occupation. Of the 28 states that license commercial sheet metal workers, 16 do not have an education and experience requirement at all. Likewise, commercial glaziers lose 1,867 days (over five years) to education and experience requirements compared to a national average of 500 in that occupation.

Further, Connecticut is the only state that licenses conveyor operators and forest workers and one of fewer than 10 to license tree trimmers, home entertainment installers, upholsterers and cross-connection survey inspectors. Only eight states license more occupations than Connecticut. Connecticut could improve its ranking by reducing or eliminating excessive licensing requirements.

Licensing Requirements

Burden RankOccupationNumber of States that LicenseFeesEducation/Experience (Days)ExamsMinimum GradeMinimum Age
1 Glazier Contractor (General/Commercial) 30 142 1,867 1 0 0
2 Preschool Teacher 49 250 1,825 2 0 0
3 Athletic Trainer 46 510 1,460 1 0 0
4 HVAC Contractor (General/Commercial) 40 142 933 1 0 0
4 Sheet Metal Contractor (General/Commercial) 28 142 933 1 0 0
6 Crane Operator 18 100 730 2 0 18
7 Optician 22 100 730 4 0 0
8 Midwife 29 380 730 1 0 0
9 Fire Alarm Installer 34 180 730 1 0 0
10 Conveyor Operator 1 142 730 1 0 0
11 Earth Driller 47 88 730 1 0 0
12 Cosmetologist 51 90 350 1 8 0
13 Barber 50 50 350 1 8 0
14 Coach (School Sports) 24 0 10 0 12 18
15 Security Alarm Installer 34 142 168 0 0 0
16 School Bus Driver 51 96 2 6 0 21
17 Massage Therapist 39 300 117 1 0 0
18 Bus Driver (City/Transit) 51 147 0 5 0 21
19 Sign Language Interpreter 16 660 2 3 0 0
20 Truck Driver 51 116 0 4 0 18
21 Fisher 41 675 0 0 0 16
22 Emergency Medical Technician 51 100 30 2 0 16
23 Bill Collector Agency 30 900 0 0 0 0
24 Tree Trimmer 7 25 0 2 0 18
25 Vegetation Pesticide Handler 51 100 0 1 0 18
25 Pest Control Applicator 51 100 0 1 0 18
27 Paving Equipment Operator Contractor 27 600 0 0 0 0
28 Security Guard 37 94 1 0 0 18
29 Weigher 24 40 0 0 0 18
30 Child Care Worker 33 19 0 0 0 16
31 Forest Worker 1 129 0 1 0 0
32 Home Entertainment Installer 3 92 0 1 0 0
33 Iron/Steel Contractor (Residential) 11 220 0 0 0 0
33 Iron/Steel Contractor (General/Commercial) 31 220 0 0 0 0
35 Animal Control Officer 17 200 2 0 0 0
36 Locksmith 13 200 0 0 0 0
37 Animal Trainer 20 50 0 1 0 0
38 Backflow Prevention Assembly Tester 18 0 6 1 0 0
39 Cross-connection Survey Inspector 4 0 4 1 0 0
40 Pipelayer Contractor 29 160 0 0 0 0
40 Painting Contractor (General/Commercial) 28 160 0 0 0 0
40 Terrazzo Contractor (General/Commercial) 29 160 0 0 0 0
40 Mason Contractor (General/Commercial) 29 160 0 0 0 0
40 Drywall Installation Contractor (General/Commercial) 30 160 0 0 0 0
40 Insulation Contractor (General/Commercial) 29 160 0 0 0 0
40 Carpenter/Cabinet Maker Contractor (General/Commercial) 30 160 0 0 0 0
40 Cement Finishing Contractor (General/Commercial) 29 160 0 0 0 0
40 Door Repair Contractor 35 160 0 0 0 0
40 Floor Sander Contractor (General/Commercial) 29 160 0 0 0 0
50 Milk Sampler 34 20 0 1 0 0
51 Taxidermist 26 84 0 0 0 0
52 Upholsterer 7 50 0 0 0 0
52 Pharmacy Technician 12 50 0 0 0 0
54 Animal Breeder 26 21 0 0 0 0

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