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Missourri

License to Work: A National Study of Burdens from Occupational Licensing

License to Work: A National Study of Burdens from Occupational Licensing

Highlights

31 out of 102 moderate-income occupations licensed
35th most burdensome licensing laws
47th most extensively and onerously licensed state

(Last updated April 24, 2012)

Summary

Missouri licenses 31 of the 102 occupations studied in this report, fewer than most, yet one-third of those occupations are also licensed by fewer than half of the other states. That suggests many states do just fine without licensing many of the occupations Missouri does license.

Missouri's licensing laws are also less burdensome than most, ranking 35th, but still pose substantial barriers to entry that could be reduced. The average requirements for the state's low- to moderate income occupations are $100 in fees, 220 days lost to education and experience -- more than seven months -- and one exam.

Though Missouri is among the least broadly and onerously licensed states, it could remove or lower the burdens to occupations it currently licenses and make jobs more accessible for its low-income workers. For example, Missouri is one of only two states that license psychiatric aides, requiring seven months of experience; 48 states and the District of Columbia impose no barriers on aspiring psychiatric aides at all. The state also imposes above-average experience requirements for pest control applicators, requiring two years, while the national average is 191 days; 32 states require no experience.

At the same time, Missouri imposes much higher burdens on some occupations than others with a more direct link to public safety. It takes only about 23 days of training to become an emergency medical technician, for example, but 117 to earn a license as a massage therapist, 175 for a skin care specialist license and 350 for cosmetologist and barber licenses.

Licensing Requirements

Burden RankOccupationNumber of States that LicenseFeesEducation/Experience (Days)ExamsMinimum GradeMinimum Age
1 Preschool Teacher 49 102 1,825 1 0 0
2 Athletic Trainer 46 400 1,460 1 0 0
3 Earth Driller 47 250 730 2 0 0
4 Pest Control Applicator 51 50 730 2 0 18
5 Veterinary Technologist 37 190 730 2 0 0
6 Cosmetologist 51 125 350 2 10 17
6 Barber 50 125 350 2 10 17
8 Skin Care Specialist 50 165 175 2 10 17
9 Psychiatric Aide 2 0 210 0 12 0
10 Massage Therapist 39 100 117 1 0 18
11 Manicurist 50 120 93 2 0 0
12 School Bus Driver 51 30 1 6 0 18
13 Bus Driver (City/Transit) 51 30 0 5 0 18
14 Emergency Medical Technician 51 70 23 2 0 18
15 Sign Language Interpreter 16 75 0 3 0 18
16 Truck Driver 51 0 0 4 0 18
17 Vegetation Pesticide Handler 51 50 0 2 0 18
18 Gaming Supervisor 23 125 0 0 0 18
18 Gaming Dealer 24 125 0 0 0 18
18 Gaming Cage Worker 22 125 0 0 0 18
18 Slot Key Person 21 125 0 0 0 18
22 Backflow Prevention Assembly Tester 18 180 9 1 0 0
23 Animal Breeder 26 100 0 0 0 18
24 Coach (School Sports) 24 80 2 3 0 0
25 Mobile Home Installer 39 150 0 1 0 0
26 Taxi Driver/Chauffeur 12 18 0 0 0 18
27 Pharmacy Technician 12 87 0 0 0 0
28 Milk Sampler 34 3 0 1 0 0
29 Auctioneer 33 52 0 0 0 0
30 Taxidermist 26 30 0 0 0 0
31 Fisher 41 25 0 0 0 0

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