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Utah

License to Work: A National Study of Burdens from Occupational Licensing

License to Work: A National Study of Burdens from Occupational Licensing

Highlights

46 out of 102 moderate-income occupations licensed
13th most burdensome licensing laws
12th most extensively and onerously licensed state

(Last updated April 24, 2012)

Summary

Utah is the 12th most broadly and onerously licensed state and has the 13th most burdensome licensing laws. Its average barriers for the 46 occupations it licenses are $269 in fees, 417 days lost to education and experience and two exams. This high ranking is the result of high barriers to entry for 15 construction occupations. Utah requires most of its licensed construction contractors to take two exams, have two or four years of experience and pay fees between $477 and $549. These requirements exceed those of most of the other licensed states. Only about 30 states even license these occupations, and about 19 of them do not require any experience; most states require only one exam, and average fees are generally under $300.

The state has other above-average licensing requirements. Utah is one of only eight states to require that city/transit bus drivers and truck drivers possess a driver's license for one year (or longer) prior to working. Most states and the District of Columbia require only tests, fees and a minimum age. Utah is among only seven states to license social and human service assistants, dental assistants and upholsterers. The state charges $1,000 to become a licensed fisher, but the average fees across the licensed states are only $403.

While emergency medical technicians need only about one month of training, other occupations with less impact on public safety require much more, such as manicurist (70 days), massage therapist (140), skin care specialist (140), barber (233) and cosmetologist (467).

Utah's low- to moderate-income workers could enjoy better employment prospects if the state reduced onerous or needless barriers or removed them completely.

Licensing Requirements

Burden RankOccupationNumber of States that LicenseFeesEducation/Experience (Days)ExamsMinimum GradeMinimum Age
1 Iron/Steel Contractor (General/Commercial) 31 549 1,460 2 0 0
2 Mason Contractor (General/Commercial) 29 477 1,460 2 0 0
3 Athletic Trainer 46 370 1,460 1 0 0
4 Social and Human Service Assistant 7 85 1,460 1 0 0
5 Insulation Contractor (General/Commercial) 29 549 730 2 0 0
5 Mobile Home Installer 39 549 730 2 0 0
5 Pipelayer Contractor 29 549 730 2 0 0
5 Glazier Contractor (General/Commercial) 30 549 730 2 0 0
5 Drywall Installation Contractor (General/Commercial) 30 549 730 2 0 0
5 Painting Contractor (General/Commercial) 28 549 730 2 0 0
5 Paving Equipment Operator Contractor 27 549 730 2 0 0
5 Floor Sander Contractor (General/Commercial) 29 549 730 2 0 0
5 HVAC Contractor (General/Commercial) 40 549 730 2 0 0
5 Sheet Metal Contractor (General/Commercial) 28 549 730 2 0 0
15 Door Repair Contractor 35 477 730 2 0 0
15 Carpenter/Cabinet Maker Contractor (General/Commercial) 30 477 730 2 0 0
17 Cement Finishing Contractor (General/Commercial) 29 477 730 1 0 0
17 Terrazzo Contractor (General/Commercial) 29 477 730 1 0 0
19 Midwife 29 100 730 1 0 0
20 School Bus Driver 51 114 365 6 0 21
21 Bus Driver (City/Transit) 51 107 365 5 0 21
22 Cosmetologist 51 90 467 2 0 0
23 Truck Driver 51 100 365 4 0 18
24 Barber 50 147 233 2 0 0
25 Earth Driller 47 100 183 1 0 18
26 Teacher Assistant 29 0 0 1 12 0
27 Massage Therapist 39 95 140 2 0 18
28 Skin Care Specialist 50 234 140 2 0 0
29 Emergency Medical Technician 51 145 28 2 0 18
30 Crane Operator 18 165 0 3 0 18
31 Manicurist 50 135 70 2 0 0
32 Fisher 41 1000 0 0 0 0
33 Bartender 13 30 1 0 0 21
34 Child Care Worker 33 30 5 0 0 16
35 Security Guard 37 95 5 2 0 0
36 Tank Tester 14 225 9 1 0 0
37 Vegetation Pesticide Handler 51 20 0 2 0 0
37 Pest Control Applicator 51 20 0 2 0 0
39 Fire Alarm Installer 34 172 0 1 0 0
39 Security Alarm Installer 34 172 0 1 0 0
41 Coach (School Sports) 24 50 1 1 0 0
42 Upholsterer 7 55 0 0 0 0
43 Milk Sampler 34 40 0 0 0 0
44 Bill Collector Agency 30 32 0 0 0 0
45 Dental Assistant 7 0 2 0 0 0
46 Taxi Driver/Chauffeur 12 7 0 0 0 0

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