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Wisconsin

License to Work: A National Study of Burdens from Occupational Licensing

License to Work: A National Study of Burdens from Occupational Licensing

Highlights

47 out of 102 moderate-income occupations licensed
48th most burdensome licensing laws
28th most extensively and onerously licensed state

(Last updated April 24, 2012)

Summary

Wisconsin is the 28th most broadly and onerously licensed state, licensing 47 of the 102 low- to moderate-income occupations studied. It has the 48th most burdensome licensing laws, requiring aspiring practitioners to pay $209 in fees, lose 145 days to education and experience and take one exam.

Because Wisconsin's burdens are fairly low, its ranking is accounted for mostly in the number of occupations it licenses. Twelve of these occupations are construction contractors with a general fee of $115. Wisconsin is the only state that licenses fire sprinkler system testers and pipelayers who are not contractors and one of four states to license cross connection survey inspectors and court clerks. Wisconsin could improve its low-income workers' prospects by addressing these barriers and those that are excessive compared to other states. For example, Wisconsin has the most burdensome requirements for aspiring veterinary technologists, requiring two years of training, three exams and $352 in fees. And it charges more than twice the average licensure fees for bill collector agencies and fishers -- $1,015 and $899 respectively.

The state also imposes fairly high requirements on barbers and cosmetologists -- costing them about 14 months in training -- compared to other states. These requirements are also high relative to other occupations licensed in Wisconsin. It takes 15 times the amount of training to become a barber or cosmetologist than it does to become an emergency medical technician. Massage therapists, makeup artists, skin care specialists and manicurists must also undergo substantially more training than EMTs.

Licensing Requirements

Burden RankOccupationNumber of States that LicenseFeesEducation/Experience (Days)ExamsMinimum GradeMinimum Age
1 Preschool Teacher 49 118 1,825 2 0 0
2 Athletic Trainer 46 353 1,460 1 0 0
3 Veterinary Technologist 37 352 730 3 0 18
4 Midwife 29 753 730 1 0 0
5 Earth Driller 47 50 730 1 0 0
6 Barber 50 203 420 2 12 18
7 Cosmetologist 51 193 420 2 12 18
8 Massage Therapist 39 57 140 2 12 18
9 Skin Care Specialist 50 202 105 2 12 18
9 Makeup Artist 36 202 105 2 12 18
11 Cathodic Protection Tester 16 1570 8 2 0 0
12 School Bus Driver 51 129 0 6 0 18
13 Bus Driver (City/Transit) 51 129 0 5 0 18
14 Manicurist 50 174 70 2 0 0
15 Truck Driver 51 124 0 4 0 18
16 Emergency Medical Technician 51 70 28 2 0 18
17 Fisher 41 899 0 0 0 18
18 Bill Collector Agency 30 1015 0 0 0 0
19 Mobile Home Installer 39 115 2 1 0 18
20 Auctioneer 33 135 0 1 0 18
21 Pest Control Applicator 51 99 0 1 0 16
21 Vegetation Pesticide Handler 51 99 0 1 0 16
23 Pipelayer Non-contractor 1 195 0 0 0 18
24 Child Care Worker 33 15 9 0 0 18
25 Security Guard 37 69 0 0 0 18
26 Bartender 13 25 1 0 0 18
27 Travel Guide 21 40 0 0 0 18
28 Fire Sprinkler System Tester 1 220 0 1 0 0
29 Cross-connection Survey Inspector 4 195 9 0 0 0
29 Backflow Prevention Assembly Tester 18 195 9 0 0 0
31 Milk Sampler 34 60 0 1 0 0
32 Tank Tester 14 70 9 0 0 0
33 Pipelayer Contractor 29 195 0 0 0 0
34 HVAC Contractor (General/Commercial) 40 175 0 0 0 0
35 Insulation Contractor (General/Commercial) 29 115 0 0 0 0
35 Iron/Steel Contractor (General/Commercial) 31 115 0 0 0 0
35 Sheet Metal Contractor (General/Commercial) 28 115 0 0 0 0
35 Mason Contractor (General/Commercial) 29 115 0 0 0 0
35 Terrazzo Contractor (General/Commercial) 29 115 0 0 0 0
35 Drywall Installation Contractor (General/Commercial) 30 115 0 0 0 0
35 Glazier Contractor (General/Commercial) 30 115 0 0 0 0
35 Carpenter/Cabinet Maker Contractor (General/Commercial) 30 115 0 0 0 0
35 Cement Finishing Contractor (General/Commercial) 29 115 0 0 0 0
35 Floor Sander Contractor (General/Commercial) 29 115 0 0 0 0
35 Door Repair Contractor 35 115 0 0 0 0
46 Coach (School Sports) 24 80 2 0 0 0
47 Court Clerk 4 0 1 0 0 0

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