Sam Gedge is a senior attorney at the Institute for Justice, where he litigates to protect private property, free speech, and other individual rights.

In his time at IJ, Sam has launched cases battling civil forfeiture and overzealous licensing boards, which have generated widespread coverage in media outlets from Wired and The Atlantic to The New York Times and London’s Daily Mail. In the landmark Excessive Fines Clause case of Timbs v. Indiana, Sam twice represented Tyson Timbs before the Indiana Supreme Court. He also is lead counsel in a class-action lawsuit challenging contingency-fee prosecutors in Indiana and is on the trial team challenging a notorious policing-for-profit scheme in Brookside, Alabama.

Before joining IJ, Sam worked as an attorney at Wiley Rein LLP, where he focused on litigation and election law. He clerked for Judge Raymond W. Gruender of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit and graduated cum laude from Harvard Law School and summa cum laude from the University of Connecticut.

Sam's Cases

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Sam's Research & Reports

Are Municipal Fines and Fees Tools of Stategraft?

Code Enforcement | Fines and Fees | Private Property

Are Municipal Fines and Fees Tools of Stategraft?

Most, if not all, incorporated communities in the United States have municipal and traffic codes that delineate the powers and duties of local governments or provide rules and regulations for public activity in the community.

Sam's Amicus Briefs

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Sam's Hearings

Indiana Jury Trials Oral Argument

  • Indiana Supreme Court
  • May 04, 2023

The right to a jury trial is fundamental to our justice system. The Seventh Amendment guarantees the right to a jury trial in civil cases in federal court. Likewise, most state constitutions protect the right to a jury trial in civil cases in state court. The Indiana Constitution is no exception. Read More

North Carolina Drones Oral Argument

  • 4th Circuit
  • January 23, 2024

Michael Jones started a one-man drone operation in 2016 providing clients with photos of land that he then used software to combine into high-definition maps. But to the North Carolina Board of Examiners for Engineers and Surveyors, this simple act of taking pictures was an unlicensed act of surveying and they… Read More